The chaotic American evacuation of Afghanistan and the by proxy defeat by the Taliban have many consequences for the US status. The fall of Kabul also offers Turkey the opportunity to make its presence in the region noticeable.
As widely expected, the arrival of Joe Biden to power changed already strained Turkish-American relations for the worse. Last month Biden recognized the Armenian genocide and that are clear indications Turkey will not be invited to a summit of Democracies the Biden administration is planning this summer in Washington.
Turkey supported the United States, its NATO ally, in the war it launched in Afghanistan against Al-Qaeda and the Taliban in November 2001. After the curtain came down on the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in 2014, Turkey again deployed non-combat peacekeeping forces in Afghanistan. Since then, Turkey maintained a non-combat force of 648 soldiers to protect and manage the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul.
In a meeting between presidents Erdogan and Biden on the sidelines of a NATO summit in Brussels in June, the two governments agreed to hand over the task of protecting and managing the airport to Turkish forces after the US withdrawal on August 31. However, the Taliban’s early and sudden control of Kabul, on August 14, and its insistence on the departure of all foreign forces by the end of August, shattered the Turkish-American arrangement. As a result, Ankara turned to negotiate with the Taliban through Qatar to keep its forces at the airport for protecting and managing it. However, the Taliban rejected this Turkish request and asked it to completely remove its forces from Afghanistan and its airport before discussing any cooperation.
Mutual political recognition in 1971 triggered trade deals between China and Turkey. However, due to the geographical distance and the relatively closed Turkish economy, the ties did not develop until 1991. Since then, Turkey has pursued a policy of foreign trade openness not accounting for the trade balance deficit. Since 2001, bilateral trade exchange has been on an upswing. After China joined the World Trade Organization in 2002, Beijing increased its investment in developing countries such as Turkey. Moreover, when China established the Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in Beijing in 2013, Chinese investments funded by the bank began to flow directly to Turkey.
Turkey is today undergoing significant political turbulence. President Erdogan’s popularity is in decline and the incumbent Justice and Development Party (AKP) appears increasingly vulnerable to
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