Protests escalated against the regime of Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, President of the Republic of Mali, which is experiencing a deep and multi-faceted political crisis even as the new opposition movement has centred around the leadership of Imam Mahmoud Dicko who is one of the leading religious figures.
June 20, 2020 marked the fifth anniversary since the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali was signed between the Mali government, its allied militias, and the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), which is dominated by the Tuareg under the leadership of Bilal Ag Acherif. Hopes were high that the peace agreement would bring an end to the Tuareg rebellion and lead to sustainable peace and reconciliation in Mali, the northern provinces of which have experienced frequent conflict since the country gained independence. The enormous challenges facing the peace agreement continue to cast doubt on whether it can ever be enforced, however.
The large-scale spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa raises numerous concerns about the extent of readiness of its countries in countering the epidemic and the nature and magnitude of the losses they sustain. These concerns get even worse in view of the challenges faced by the continent on all fronts, particularly with regard to the continent’s poor health system and the possible consequences of failure to counter the pandemic. This maximizes the continent’s political, economic, security and social costs in a manner that would adversely reflect on the future of the African continent and its relationship with the outside world going forward.
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