Research Unit


  • EPC | 20 Oct 2020

    What if Trump did not accept electoral defeat?

    The astonishing question that awaits American politics as we enter the last month before presidential elections is whether President Trump will accept electoral defeat. Trump has several times indicated that he may not accept the result of the November presidential election if he is defeated by his Democratic opponent, Joe Biden.

  • ​Mohamed Fawzi | 19 Oct 2020

    Egypt-Russia “Friendship Bridge 2020” Military Exercise: Motivations and Messages

    On October 9, 2020, Russian news agency TASS reported that Egypt would participate in joint naval exercises with Russia in the Black Sea before the end of the year. According to a statement issued by the press office of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, delegations from the Russian and Egyptian navies had held three-day consultations in Novorossiysk on preparations for the 2020 Friendship Bridge Exercise and that the two countries were working together to develop “a programme of exercises to take place in the Black Sea for the first time.”

  • Amr Hashem Rabea | 14 Oct 2020

    Phenomenon of "Independents" in Elections of Egypt’s House of Representatives

    Egypt is on the eve of the first of two stages in its parliamentary elections, scheduled to begin in the last week of October and ending in the second week of December. The window for nominations has closed, and candidates (many of whom are running as independents) have begun campaigning, under the oversight of the National Elections Authority. This paper will examine the phenomenon of independent candidates in the Egyptian elections and the impact that they have had on elections and the Egyptian parliament.

  • EPC | 14 Oct 2020

    Al-Assad and Russia: A Substantial Disagreement or a Mere Exchange of Roles?

    In the first week of October, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad made a series of statements through Russian platforms on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the Russian intervention in his country. Remarkably, these statements sharply contradicted declared Russian policy regarding basic aspects of the Syrian issue. This raises the question as to whether Russia is still following the same strategy used since its military intervention in Syria, which involves a complete lack of clarity and seems to have multiple interpretations, or whether it has actually entered into a deep disagreement with the ruling regime in Damascus and is unable to impose its visions and policies on Assad.

  • Malik al-Hafez | 13 Oct 2020

    Southern Syria between Russian and Iranian Influence: Escalation’s Dynamics and Repercussions

    In late September 2019, skirmishes erupted between local factions from Al-Suwayda Governorate — the self-named “Al-Karama Forces“ — and an armed faction from Dara’a Governorate known as the Eighth Brigade, which is on the payroll of the Russian‑backed Fifth Corps. The recent tensions in southern Syria have revealed a feverish struggle between the Iranian and Russian influences in the region, which will crystallize during the coming period.

  • Ahmed Diab | 11 Oct 2020

    The Russian-Turkish Disagreements: Issues and Consequences

    Despite the apparent rapprochement in Russia–Turkey relations, a number of contentious issues between the two States have recently come to the surface. Moscow’s relations with Ankara seem to have lost the relative warmth of the last few years, becoming dominated instead by coldness and mutual suspicion, if not even polarization and confrontation.

  • Bilal Abdullah | 08 Oct 2020

    Sirte Conference and the Future of Peaceful Settlement in Libya

    Scheduled for October 10, 2020, the Second Sirte Conference has been named after one held a century earlier — the first Sirte Conference of January 1922 on the unification of eastern and western Libya — in an attempt to give the upcoming meeting a particular sense of historical and national importance. The second conference follows on the heels the Bouznika negotiations in Morocco, at which the various Libyan parties reached an important agreement on the criteria for appointing officials to sovereign positions. It also comes on the eve of the next round of talks among the 5+5 committee, which is part of the military track seeking a settlement.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 08 Oct 2020

    The Future of the Role of Iran’s Quds Force in Africa

    ​General Esmail Ghaani’s appointment as commander of Iran’s Quds Force, following the assassination of its former leader General Qasem Soleimani, has provided an opportunity for the organization to expand its role in Africa, where Ghaani has managed its operations for years. Rising US–Iranian tensions as a result of continued US sanctions and Iran’s desire for revenge for Soleimani’s death has prompted questions about the future of the Quds Force in Africa under Ghaani’s leadership.