Research Unit

Briefs

  • Mohamed Fayez Farahat | 26 Feb 2020

    Trump in India: Why Now?

    Despite the advanced level US-India relations have reached since the end of the Cold War, there is still debate over the timing and motives of President Donald Trump's recent visit to India (February 24-25). The underlining motives may include the U.S. presidential elections race, peace-making efforts in Afghanistan, the growing Chinese challenge and reining in an Indian rush toward Russia.

  • Adnan Mousa | 25 Feb 2020

    Parliamentary Elections and Prospects of Political Change in Ethiopia

    Despite the tangible successes Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed achieved at the domestic and foreign policies’ levels since he took office in April 2018, he still faces numerous challenges. Some of these challenges pose a direct threat to his future in power, as well as Ethiopia's stability, especially as the country prepares for parliamentary elections in August 2020. This has made the Ethiopian political scene more ambiguous about the future of the ruling elite in Addis Ababa, and the prospects and limits of any political change.

  • Bilal Abdullah | 23 Feb 2020

    Trajectories to Solve the Libyan Conflict: Calculations and Challenges

    Efforts to resolve the long-standing conflict in Libya following the Berlin Conference seem to deliver some relative success on the military, economic and political tracks despite persisting challenges and difficulties. Given past failures of similar international conference and negotiations, this relative headway is of paramount importance to avoid another talk breakdown caused by the deep divisions between the various parties to the conflict. It remains difficult to predict a total success in any of these tracks in a manner that would make way for hammering out a final and lasting solution to the ongoing conflict. It is likely that one or more of these three tracks will hit a stalemate in an advanced stage of negotiation.

  • Amr Abdel-Aty | 20 Feb 2020

    U.S. Democratic Party’s Presidential Primary and the Rise of Bernie Sanders

    The results of the Democratic primary elections in Iowa (February 3, 2020) and New Hampshire (February 11) added a new dimension to the crises facing the Democratic Party and its successive series of failures. The results revealed a deepening division in the party after progressive candidate, Bernie Sanders, won the New Hampshire caucuses. The rise of Sanders has sparked fears among the party’s elite, who have begun to deploy policies that would undermine Sanders, and find an alternative to him as the party’s candidate in the next presidential elections in November.

  • Harith Hasan | 16 Feb 2020

    Iraq: Sadr's Position on the Protest Movement and the Nomination of Allawi

    At the beginning of the popular protests which have been sweeping Iraq for months, Shia leader Muqtada Al-Sadr took a hesitant and cautious stance from the protest movement, before publically declaring support to what he called the "revolutionaries," and calling for the resignation of outgoing Prime Adel Abdul-Mahdi. Although Al-Sadr was, in the beginning, wary of expressing an explicit anti-Iranian influence stance, the most obvious shift in his position came to light following the killing of Qasim Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis in January this year. After this incident, Al-Sadr’s rhetoric started to approach that of pro-Iran groups and made many references to whom he labeled as “infiltrators” and “saboteurs” among the demonstrators, and urged security forces to deal with those elements.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 12 Feb 2020

    The Terrorist Expansion in the Gulf of Guinea Region

    The countries of the Gulf of Guinea (which includes several countries in West and Central Africa, most notably Angola, Benin, Togo, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Côte d'Ivoire) face a growing expansion of terrorist organizations, especially with the escalation of attacks on these countries' borders with Burkina Faso.

  • EPC | 06 Feb 2020

    Post-Brexit: Transition Period Scenarios and Beyond

    The United Kingdom (UK) officially left the European Union (EU) on January 31, 2020, after which the two parties will kick off talks on a new phase of bilateral relations. However, many of the outstanding issues, that are expected to be discussed during the transitional period which will last until the end of 2020, will determine the nature of these relations and whether they will be framed within a cooperation framework leading to a win-win deal, or exit from the transitional phase without a deal.

  • EPC | 04 Feb 2020

    European Diplomacy in Yemen: Motivations and Challenges

    In recent weeks, Europe has launched diplomatic efforts in an attempt to reinvigorate stalled peace talks in Yemen. A European delegation comprising the ambassadors to Yemen of the European Union, France, the Netherlands, and Sweden recently paid a visit to Aden and Sanaa, where they met with representatives from President Hadi’s internationally recognized government and a number of senior Houthi leaders. The British ambassador also met with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Advisor to the President, and the chair of the committee on follow-up to the implementation of the Riyadh Agreement.