Research Unit


  • EPC | 12 Jan 2021

    Israeli Political Landscape: Controversy of Early Elections and Continuing Defections in the Right-Wing Camp

    ​Israel is heading towards holding early elections, the fourth in less than two years, after the failure of the Likud and Kahol Lavan (Blue and White) parties to reach a settlement on the state’s budget, which would prevent the Israeli Knesset (parliament) from dissolving itself. Meanwhile, Gideon Saar’s split from Likud reversed the political balance in Israel, constituting a threat to Netanyahu’s renewed rise to power, especially after Water Resources Minister Zeev Elkin, who is close to Netanyahu, resigned and joined Saar.

  • EPC | 31 Dec 2020

    The Stumbling Block of Ain Issa and the Struggle for Eastern Syria

    ​The ongoing negotiation and military conflicts over Ain Issa underline the importance of eastern Syria for all the players involved in the Syrian crisis. Influence in this region has come to be calculated in metres. Given Russia which aspires to achieve a breakthrough in a region of an important economic and strategic importance, Turkey which aspires to enhance its influence in the Syrian map, and the US which considers the eastern Syria regions of a critical importance in managing its policies towards the Syrian issue, this region, which is located outside what is known as "Useful Syria", is an important site in the strategies of local players, considering the important economic and political returns from controlling it.

  • EPC | 30 Dec 2020

    Economic Challenges Facing New Yemeni Government

    The recently formed Yemeni government pursuant to the Riyadh Agreement is expected to face complex economic challenges that may paralyse its ability to fulfill the aspirations and hopes placed on it. The most important of those challenges are the significant decline in the Yemeni riyal exchange rate, and the difficulty of paying the salaries of public sector employees.

  • EPC | 23 Dec 2020

    Will Iran Attack American Forces in Syria to Avenge Soleimani’s Killing?

    ​There is talk in the region about arrangements and operations that Iran is preparing to carry out on the first anniversary of the assassination of Lieutenant General Qasem Soleimani, the former commander of the Quds Force of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Perhaps what raised the level of belief in the possibility of Iran's retaliation is the tweet by the Supreme Guide Ali Khamenei, posted on 16 December 2020, in which he said that "whoever ordered and carried out the assassination of Lieutenant General Qasem Soleimani must pay the price", and that "this revenge is inevitable", considering that "Soleimani's shoes are more honourable than his killer’s head".

  • ​Bilal Abdullah | 20 Dec 2020

    Future of Turkish-Russian Coordination in Libya in the Wake of Biden’s Victory

    In the light of the declared trends of the administration of US President-elect Joe Biden regarding his foreign policy, speculations prevail about adverse policies and positions that are likely to be taken by his administration vis-à-vis both Russia and Turkey on a number of issues. This raises questions about the status of the Libyan conflict within those forthcoming positions of the new administration towards the two countries.

  • Ahmed Diab | 18 Dec 2020

    Iran’s Geopolitical Loss from the Azerbaijani-Armenian Agreement

    On 10 November 2020, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a "comprehensive ceasefire agreement" under overt Russian sponsorship and with tacit Turkish support, after the bloody battles that took place between the forces of the two countries in the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region. While most of the analyses focused on what Armenia’s defeat and Azerbaijan’s victory meant for both Turkey and Russia, evidence has shown that Iran is the biggest loser in this conflict.

  • EPC | 16 Dec 2020

    UN, Houthis Agree on the Maintenance of “Safer” Oil Tanker: Significance and Expectations

    The United Nations (UN) and the Houthi Ansar Allah group in Yemen announced, in the last week of November 2020, that they have reached an agreement to conduct "urgent maintenance" and "comprehensive evaluation" of the Safer oil tanker, which is floating off the Port of Ras Isa in Hodeidah Governorate, in the west of the country.

  • ​Malik al-Hafez | 15 Dec 2020

    Russia Revives the Issue of Repatriating Syrian Refugees: Interests and Expectations

    The International Conference on the Return of Syrian Refugees was held in the Syrian capital Damascus under the auspices of Russia, and its proceedings ended on 11 and 12 November 2020, against the backdrop of the absence of all countries influencing the international decision and the countries that host the highest number of Syrian refugees, at a time that has its own political significance in relation to the Russian role in the Syrian issue and that reveals the nature of this role and its orientations during the period ahead.