Research Unit

Briefs

  • Ahmed Nadhif | 12 Apr 2021

    Visit by Tunisian President to Egypt: Objectives and Outcomes

    On 9 April 2021, Tunisian President Kais Saied began a three-day official visit to Egypt, his first since he took office in October 2019. During the visit, he met, alongside his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, a number of Egyptian officials and Islamic and Christian spiritual leaders. The visit came within a changing regional and internal context for Egypt and Tunisia alike.

  • Dr. Ebtesam al-Ketbi | 31 Mar 2021

    Solving the Iran Impasse: A Perspective from the UAE

    Iran’s pursuit of regional hegemony has come to represent an increasingly complicated and intractable dilemma for the Middle East. Iran has neither succeeded in its aims, nor abandoned this destructive strategy; for four decades it has threatened the security and stability of the region, and the Gulf in particular, creating an impasse that now extends beyond the Middle East to affect global interests.

  • EPC | 30 Mar 2021

    Al-Kadhimi’s Initiative for Iraqi National Dialogue: Objectives and Obstacles

    ​The Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi's initiative for national dialogue, which he launched on 8 March 2021, came as an attempt to benefit from the positive atmosphere left in the country by the visit of the Pope of the Vatican, and to pave the ground for the general elections scheduled for October 2021. However, the initiative raised a clear difference in the reactions of the various Iraqi actors.

  • EPC | 23 Mar 2021

    Crisis of Justice and Development Party and its Impact in Moroccan Political Landscape

    ​On 11 March 2021, former Moroccan Prime Minister and Secretary-General of the Justice and Development Party (JDP) Abdelilah Benkirane announced that he would freeze his membership in his party in protest against the government's approval of the legislation to cultivate cannabis, within the framework of a deep crisis facing this Islamist party that has been leading the government coalition in Morocco since November 2011.

  • Firas Ileas | 22 Mar 2021

    Al-Kadhimi’s Government and Reform of Iraqi Security Sector: Measures and Challenges

    Since the first days of assuming its duties, the government of Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi has worked to put in place practical measures to reform the security sector in Iraq. This has made it in constant confrontation with the loyalist factions that are linked to Iran and that reject any reform process of the Iraqi security services, especially when those reforms target the existence and elements of those factions.

  • EPC | 13 Mar 2021

    The Biden Administration Revokes Terrorist Designation for Houthis: Repercussions on the Yemeni Landscape

    ​On January 19, 2021, the administration of US President Donald Trump designated the Houthi group as a foreign terrorist organization. One month later, the Administration of President Joe Biden announced that it has officially revoked this designation as of February 16, 2021. However, Washington kept sanctions on three of the Houthi leaders. This paper reviews contexts of the American move, discusses messages intended to all parties involved in the Yemeni conflict, and analyzes the outcomes and reverberations of this move in the Yemeni landscape.

  • EPC | 03 Mar 2021

    Call by Patriarch Al-Ra’i to “Internationalize” Lebanon: Reasons, Various Positions and Possibilities

    The call by Maronite Patriarch Mar Bechara Boutros al-Rai for a special international conference, under the auspices of the United Nations, to help Lebanon get out of its crises, came after the political class failed to find solutions to the miserable conditions experienced by this country. Al-Rai’s call has received the support of a wide spectrum of Christians, Sunnis and Druze, in addition to opponents of Hezbollah among the Shiites.

  • EPC | 28 Feb 2021

    Political Struggle between Somali President and Opposition Forces: Motives and Prospects

    ​A wave of violent protests erupted in the Somali capital Mogadishu in which a number of soldiers and civilians were killed, in the context of a severe political crisis created by the constitutional vacuum resulting from the end of the term of Parliament with its two chambers and the end of the term of the President of the Republic who clings to power despite the objection of most state rulers, political powers, clan and tribal powers, and civil society organisations.