Research Units

Publications

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  • EPC | 07 Oct 2019

    Internal and External Dynamics of a Rapidly Changing Turkey

    Turkey is today undergoing significant political turbulence. President Erdogan’s popularity is in decline and the incumbent Justice and Development Party (AKP) appears increasingly vulnerable to

  • EPC | 01 Oct 2019

    The UN Peacemaking Role in Yemen

    From the initial crisis surrounding political transition, and through the ensuing war, the United Nations (UN) has played a variety of roles in Yemen, under its mandate from the international community.

  • EPC | 25 Aug 2019

    Iraq’s Shifting Political Landscape and Foreign Policy Trajectories

    Following the defeat of ISIS in late 2017, Iraq has entered a new era. A number of key internal and external factors will determine Iraq’s future in this new epoch and will have a significant bearing on the security and stability of the entire region.

  • EPC | 07 Oct 2018

    Troubled Iran: Causes, Contexts and Consequences

    On December 28, 2017, massive popular protests erupted in the Islamic Republic of Iran, starting in Mashhad before engulfing more than eighty cities and towns across the country.

Briefs

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  • Harith Hasan | 16 Feb 2020

    Iraq: Sadr's Position on the Protest Movement and the Nomination of Allawi

    At the beginning of the popular protests which have been sweeping Iraq for months, Shia leader Muqtada Al-Sadr took a hesitant and cautious stance from the protest movement, before publically declaring support to what he called the "revolutionaries," and calling for the resignation of outgoing Prime Adel Abdul-Mahdi. Although Al-Sadr was, in the beginning, wary of expressing an explicit anti-Iranian influence stance, the most obvious shift in his position came to light following the killing of Qasim Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis in January this year. After this incident, Al-Sadr’s rhetoric started to approach that of pro-Iran groups and made many references to whom he labeled as “infiltrators” and “saboteurs” among the demonstrators, and urged security forces to deal with those elements.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 12 Feb 2020

    The Terrorist Expansion in the Gulf of Guinea Region

    The countries of the Gulf of Guinea (which includes several countries in West and Central Africa, most notably Angola, Benin, Togo, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Côte d'Ivoire) face a growing expansion of terrorist organizations, especially with the escalation of attacks on these countries' borders with Burkina Faso.

  • EPC | 04 Feb 2020

    European Diplomacy in Yemen: Motivations and Challenges

    In recent weeks, Europe has launched diplomatic efforts in an attempt to reinvigorate stalled peace talks in Yemen. A European delegation comprising the ambassadors to Yemen of the European Union, France, the Netherlands, and Sweden recently paid a visit to Aden and Sanaa, where they met with representatives from President Hadi’s internationally recognized government and a number of senior Houthi leaders. The British ambassador also met with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Advisor to the President, and the chair of the committee on follow-up to the implementation of the Riyadh Agreement.

  • EPC | 02 Feb 2020

    Libyan Conflict Developments following Berlin Conference

    The German capital witnessed the Berlin conference on January 19, 2020, to discuss ways to settle the conflict in Libya. Although there are indications on the desire of the international concerned parties to make the conference a success, in a way that helps achieve progress in the settlement efforts, the ten days following the conference have seen many challenges, which represent a difficult test to see how much serious the external parties are ready to cooperate put an end to this.

Featured Topic

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  • EPC | 17 Feb 2020

    Can Mohammed Allawi Succeed in Forming Iraq's Next Government?

    In a repeat of Adel Abdul-Mahdi's elevation to Iraq's premiership, the leader of the Sadrist Movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, and the leader of the pro-Iran Al-Fatah Alliance, Hadi al-Amiri, agreed to nominate former Minister of Communications Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi as a new prime minister. Once Allawi was officially designated by the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, on February 1, 2020, the demonstrations intensified in Baghdad and a number of southern provinces denouncing their ally's, Al-Sadr, departure from the protesters' conditions that the next prime minister must be independent, does not hold two nationalities and has not been a member of any previous government.

  • EPC | 17 Feb 2020

    Iran’s Parliamentary Elections: Political Actors Strategies & Potential Fallout of Conservative Victory

    Iran's political scene continues to heat up as the country gears up for the next parliamentary elections. On the official level, there have been verbal clashes between the conservative wing-held Guardian Council of the Constitution, which is charged with qualifying parliamentary candidates, and the government, which accused the Council of not being neutral and excluding all candidates who belong to political groups outside the conservative line. On the political groups’ level, the reformists keep mum on the elections after hundreds of reformist candidates have been disqualified from running in the forthcoming polls. On the other side, cracks have started to appear among the conservatives, otherwise known as the principlists. In the meantime, the grassroots remain relatively apathetic towards the electoral warm-up with no indications that there are above-average preparations for the next vote, sparking fear among regime's circles that the turnout might sink to unprecedented levels.

  • Mohamed Fayez Farahat | 13 Feb 2020

    China’s Coronavirus Crisis: Economic and Political Costs

    The outbreak of the novel Coronavirus in China has developed strikingly fast, making the response to this crisis not an exclusive Chinese responsibility, but rather a global duty. This is due to the characteristics of this new strain of the virus, the factors that helped the spread of the disease in a relatively short period of time, and the concerns it stirred at the international level and among ordinary people in different parts of the world.

  • EPC | 13 Feb 2020

    Russia-Turkey Tension in Northwestern Syria: Causes and Trajectories

    Russian-Turkish relations are put to a hard test these days. The escalating tension between the two sides in Syria's Idlib province and the countryside of Aleppo threatens to undermine bilateral cooperation and coordination on more than one front in war-ravaged Syria. Recent military developments have brought about a dangerous shift in the rules of engagement between the two parties, and have opened the door for potential direct confrontation. This is particularly true as both countries embrace contradictory positions in justifying their actions. On the one hand, Turkey believes that the Russia-backed Syrian army onslaught on Idlib and the countryside of Aleppo will push about a million Syrians to Turkey's borders, threatening Turkish national security. In turn, Russia is sticking to the implementation of the Sochi Agreement, which obliges Turkey to dismantle extremist organizations, as well as Turkey's lack of commitment to handing over control over international roads to the Assad regime.

What If?

  • Amir Nabil | 16 Dec 2019

    What will happen if Donald Trump is removed from office?

    There are indications that the efforts to remove President Donald Trump from office are gaining ground, given the growing calls from within the American legislature that he be taken to court with that aim in mind. Assuming that this happens (although many observers doubt its likelihood), what will be the main repercussions for the American political system and for the existing balance of power in the United States of America? What impact will it have on Washington’s domestic and foreign policies? And are there any other scenarios, whether theoretical or realistic, that could occur in the event that it does happen?