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  • Ahmed Nadhif | 07 Feb 2021

    France’s “Charter of Principles” and its Impact on Political Islam and Turkish Organizations

    On 18 January 2021, Macron received at the Élysée Palace the leaders of the French Council of the Muslim Faith (CFCM), and received from them the final text of the "Charter of the Principles of Islam in France", which clearly condemns "political Islam" and the "foreign links of some Islamic organisations". However, the document was not signed by all eight federations of the CFCM, as three federations failed to sign. This paper sheds light on the content of the Charter of the Principles of Islam in France, and attempts to dissect the composition of the CFCM and analyse the effects of applying the contents of the Charter on the work of political Islam groups and groups associated with the Turkish influence inside France.

  • Ahmed Nadhif | 21 Dec 2020

    The “French Awakening” Against Political Islam: Motivations and Future Repercussions

    Despite the lack of official figures on the number of Muslims in France for reasons related to legal barriers, France is the largest European country in terms of the number of Muslims. According to some estimates, five million Muslims live in France, ranging between citizens and residents, which makes this mass a source of general controversy that is renewed with every terrorist attack launched by Muslims. This has been the case since October 2020 in the wake of the attacks that struck the city of Nice and the assassination of the teacher Samuel Patty. However, the controversy this time coincided with an official campaign that some called "an open war against political Islam", while others dismissed it as a "circumstantial campaign" similar to the campaigns carried out by the French authorities in the past.

  • Ahmed Diab | 28 Sep 2020

    A New European Strategy for the Indo-Pacific: Drivers and Constraints

    The major European powers are studying how to intensify their military presence within the framework of a new strategy that adopts tougher stances against China’s "unilateral" moves and naval assertiveness in the Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific, which extends from East Africa, through East and Southeast Asia, then the South China Sea, Taiwan, Japan, Indonesia, and Australia.

  • Ahmed Askar | 19 Jul 2020

    Germany’s Tendency to Enhance its Presence in Africa: Limits and Motives

    After its relative absence until recently, Africa has become increasingly important for Germany. A number of major shifts have played a role in the continent’s rise to the top of the priorities of Germany’s political policy agenda, mainly the outbreak of the refugee crisis and the migration of Africans to Europe in 2015, in addition to the rise in the activity of terrorism and organized crime networks in Africa, and Berlin’s desire to play a greater role in the continent. This has driven Germany to pay more attention to Africa. This was manifested at several levels in light of Germany’s growing interests and motives with respect to Africa. This would enhance Germany’s future influence in the continent.

  • EPC | 13 Jul 2020

    Impact of Coronavirus Crisis on German Economy

    The coronavirus crisis has deeply affected the German economy. Both local and global lockdowns due to the pandemic have resulted in the destruction of the three main foundations of the German economy, namely domestic consumption, internal and external German investments, and exports. Despite the numerous financial packages and assistance programmes injected by the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel into faltering sectors to achieve stability, the German economy will not recover from the effects of the pandemic before the end of 2022, according to the German Federal Bank (the Deutsche Bundesbank).

  • EPC | 14 Jun 2020

    Potential Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic on British Economy

    During the first quarter of 2020, the British economy shrank by 2%, the largest downturn since the 2008 financial crisis. This is despite the fact that the UK only began to implement lockdown measures on March 23, towards the end of the quarter. The UK’s GDP is expected to shrink by 25–25% in the second quarter as a result of lockdown measures implemented in April and May. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced that most businesses would gradually be allowed to reopen during the first half of June.

  • EPC | 19 Feb 2020

    Europe's Divergence over Dispute Resolution Mechanism with Iran: Reasons and Scenarios

    Europe's rift over Iran's nuclear deal continues to persist. While Britain and France take hardline positions, Germany and the EU foreign policy team continue to show understanding of the Iranian stances. However, this rift does not mean that the Iran nuclear deal, also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), will remain unchanged. Other parties to the agreement might follow the U.S. path and withdraw from the deal, without necessarily leading to the collapse of the deal or putting the Iran's nuclear program back on the UN Security Council's table. Contrary to the Iranian consensus on how to deal with the United States, the Iranian regime appears divided over its relationship with Europe and how to approach the Europeans, amidst a steady decline in Iranian-European relations.