SYRIA

Briefs

  • Malik al-Hafez | 23 Feb 2021

    Intra-Kurdish Dialogue in Syria: Challenges and Prospects

    Despite the attempts of the Kurdish parties in Syria to resume their dialogue, whose last round took place in August 2020, this continues to collide with the divergent priorities of the new US administration, given that Washington is the main sponsor of the dialogue between the National Unity Parties (PYNK) led by the Democratic Union Party (PYD) on the one hand, and the Kurdish National Council (KNC, ENKS) on the other hand.

  • EPC | 14 Feb 2021

    Iraqi-Syrian Borders: Clash of Interests and Conflict of Agendas

    ​The Syrian-Iraqi border is one of the most dangerous regions in the Middle East due to the multiplicity of players in this region, their different interests and goals, and the inability to control it. Over many years, this border has turned into one of the regional danger centres, given that unruly forces, militias and terrorist organisations are spread on both sides, in addition to the presence of armies belonging to major foreign powers, both global and regional, without the existence of mechanisms to ensure the non-collision between those forces.

  • EPC | 02 Feb 2021

    Calls to Lift Sanctions Imposed on al-Assad Regime: Objectives and Ends

    ​There have been calls lately to lift the sanctions against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, on various pretexts, such as the failure of the sanctions policy to affect Assad’s policy, or because the Syrian people, more than 80 percent of whom are suffering below the poverty line, are the main victims of those sanctions.

  • Malik al-Hafez | 26 Jan 2021

    Syria’s Upcoming Presidential Elections: Why Damascus Insists on Holding these Elections According to the Established Timeline?

    At the end of December 2020, the Syrian Foreign Minister Faisal al-Miqdad said during an official visit to the Russian capital Moscow that the presidential elections in Syria [which are scheduled to take place in the middle of 2021] “will be held at the normal time without any delay”, stressing that they will be held in isolation from the results of the work of the Syrian Constitutional Committee (SCC).

  • EPC | 31 Dec 2020

    The Stumbling Block of Ain Issa and the Struggle for Eastern Syria

    ​The ongoing negotiation and military conflicts over Ain Issa underline the importance of eastern Syria for all the players involved in the Syrian crisis. Influence in this region has come to be calculated in metres. Given Russia which aspires to achieve a breakthrough in a region of an important economic and strategic importance, Turkey which aspires to enhance its influence in the Syrian map, and the US which considers the eastern Syria regions of a critical importance in managing its policies towards the Syrian issue, this region, which is located outside what is known as "Useful Syria", is an important site in the strategies of local players, considering the important economic and political returns from controlling it.

  • ​Malik al-Hafez | 15 Dec 2020

    Russia Revives the Issue of Repatriating Syrian Refugees: Interests and Expectations

    The International Conference on the Return of Syrian Refugees was held in the Syrian capital Damascus under the auspices of Russia, and its proceedings ended on 11 and 12 November 2020, against the backdrop of the absence of all countries influencing the international decision and the countries that host the highest number of Syrian refugees, at a time that has its own political significance in relation to the Russian role in the Syrian issue and that reveals the nature of this role and its orientations during the period ahead.

  • EPC | 10 Dec 2020

    The Syrian Constitutional Committee: Is it a Suitable Tool to Solve the Crisis?

    ​The actors in the Syrian crisis reduced the solution to the Constitutional Committee in what they considered a translation of the outputs of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 2254, adopted in December 2015, which gave UN approval to a plan calling for a ceasefire in Syria and holding talks between the parties to the conflict, within a timetable of approximately two years to form a unity government, or what is called a "transitional governing body", and then hold parliamentary and presidential elections.

  • EPC | 29 Nov 2020

    Expansion of Israeli Strikes Against Iranian Positions in Syria: Is there a Change in the Rules of the Game?

    Israel has recently expanded its strikes against Iranian militias in Syria. Those strikes have included areas that extend from the south to the east of Syria. Interestingly, the new round of Israeli strikes has been characterised by two distinct features, namely: striking the command of the 7th Division of the Syrian regime forces, and explicitly declaring Israel’s responsibility for the strikes.