IRAQ

Briefs

  • EPC | 30 Mar 2021

    Al-Kadhimi’s Initiative for Iraqi National Dialogue: Objectives and Obstacles

    ​The Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi's initiative for national dialogue, which he launched on 8 March 2021, came as an attempt to benefit from the positive atmosphere left in the country by the visit of the Pope of the Vatican, and to pave the ground for the general elections scheduled for October 2021. However, the initiative raised a clear difference in the reactions of the various Iraqi actors.

  • Firas Ileas | 22 Mar 2021

    Al-Kadhimi’s Government and Reform of Iraqi Security Sector: Measures and Challenges

    Since the first days of assuming its duties, the government of Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi has worked to put in place practical measures to reform the security sector in Iraq. This has made it in constant confrontation with the loyalist factions that are linked to Iran and that reject any reform process of the Iraqi security services, especially when those reforms target the existence and elements of those factions.

  • ​Firas Ileas | 24 Jan 2021

    Internal Dispute between Pro-Iran Factions in Iraq

    The loyalist factions, which are associated with the Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, have transformed into a parallel force to the Iraqi state, even as they present themselves as the main representative of the Shiite component in Iraq. However, this rise has been facing major challenges after the assassination on 3 January 2020 of the Commander of the Iranian Quds Force (QF) Qasem Soleimani together with the Deputy Chairman of the Popular Mobilisation Committee (PMC, al-Hashd al-Shaabi) Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, as disagreements arose within the loyalist factions that have started to threaten the unity of the loyalist home on one the hand, and political and security stability in Iraq on the other hand.

  • EPC | 14 Dec 2020

    Crisis of Salaries in Iraq and its Political Consequences

    ​The structural economic crisis in Iraq and its political consequences have continued. This was blatantly manifested in the government's failure to secure employee salaries. According to the statements of Mazhar Mohammed Saleh, the financial adviser to the Iraqi government, "Iraq's revenues currently amount to approximately 4 trillion Iraqi dinars per month, while we need 7 trillion to cover expenses and salaries". The matter was politically reflected in the worsening of relations between the Kurdistan Region and the Iraqi Parliament, which were already tense due to a dispute over oil export revenues.

  • EPC | 06 Dec 2020

    Future of the Truce and Role of Pro-Iran Factions in Iraq

    The role of the [Iranian-backed] loyalist factions in Iraq constitutes a complex problem for Iraqi-US relations as a result of the growing role of those factions, which are among the most effective security and military tools for the Iranian expansionist project in the Arab region. Those loyalist factions had announced a truce to stop firing rockets at the US embassy in Baghdad, as a result of the pressure exerted and the US threats that the US would conduct intensive bombing operations against 80 sites belonging to the Popular Mobilisation Committee (PMC, al-Hashed al-Shaabi) and the factions once the Embassy has been shut down.

  • EPC | 16 Nov 2020

    Endorsement of Electoral Constituencies in Iraq between Demands for Reform and Parties’ Interests

    ​Eleven months after the election law was approved, the Iraqi Parliament managed at the end of October 2020 to finally agree on the electoral districts’ formula in the general election law, in preparation for the early elections scheduled for June 2021. This paper sheds light on the amendment of the articles on the form of the electoral districts in the law, the positions of the various political and popular actors thereon, and their impact on the expected results of the upcoming elections.

  • EPC | 09 Nov 2020

    Why Agreement to Normalize Conditions in Sinjar, Iraq has not been Implemented Yet?

    ​The agreement that was reached between the Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) on 9 October 2020 regarding the Sinjar District of the Nineveh Governorate was described as "historic", as it paves the way for the return to normality in the District for the first time since its liberation from the Daesh (IS) organisation, and ends the influence of the Shiite militias and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in the District. However, although almost a month has passed since the conclusion of the agreement, it has not yet started to be implemented due to its security provisions that conflict with the interests of the armed factions present in the city.

  • EPC | 06 Oct 2020

    Washington’s Threat to Close its Embassy in Baghdad: Background and Risks

    ​While the US announced, after the return of Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi from Washington in August 2020, that it would reduce the size of its forces in Iraq by a third, to keep 3,500 personnel whom President Donald Trump promised to withdraw gradually over the next three years, this announcement did not stop the armed Shiite factions from continuing their missile attacks on the sites of the US forces, especially the area of ​​the US Embassy in Baghdad and the vicinity of the airport. This prompted Washington to threaten to close its diplomatic mission in Baghdad and to respond to those launching the attacks, which would bring political and economic losses to Iraq.