West Africa


  • EPC | 07 Oct 2020

    Are We Approaching a Settlement for the Political Crisis in Mali?

    On 22 September 2020, it was announced in the Republic of Mali that the former Minister of Defence Colonel Bah Ndaw has been appointed as the country's Interim President in compliance with the conditions of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) that it had set at the Accra (the capital of Ghana that currently chairs the Organisation) Summit, which was held on 15 September 2020. On 5 October 2020, the new Malian government was announced. Its formation was signed by President Bah Ndaw and Prime Minister Mukhtar Wan. It is comprised of 25 ministries, the military having assumed four sensitive and important ministries, namely defence, local administration, security, and national reconciliation. In response to those developments, on 6 October 2020, ECOWAS announced the lifting of the sanctions imposed on Mali.

  • EPC | 07 Oct 2020

    Will Presidential Elections Exacerbate the Political Crisis in Côte d'Ivoire?

    ​While the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) entered the stage of final preparations for the presidential elections scheduled for 31 October 2020, the internal political crisis in the country worsened, and indications of deteriorating security conditions increased, even as some international pressures increased on the regime to engage in an open dialogue with the opposition to avoid the political situation getting out of control.

  • Shereen Mohammed | 21 Sep 2020

    Boko Haram Increased Attacks in Northern Cameroon: Motivations and Repercussions

    Since the beginning of 2020, and specifically during the last three months, northern Cameroon has been witnessing a clear escalation in terrorist attacks carried out by Boko Haram’s militants. This reflects the great danger that the group has come to pose to the border areas in the Lake Chad region despite the efforts made by the military forces and the security services to fight that group in the countries that the group plans to target.

  • ​Hamdi Bashir | 20 Sep 2020

    The Future of China’s Security Policy in Western Africa

    China’s interests in West Africa face growing terrorist threats, especially after its citizens and companies were subject to kidnappings and extortion operations during 2020. These developments coincide with the failure of French efforts to stop the expansion of terrorist organisations, and the tendency by the US to reduce its military presence in the region, while demands by Chinese companies are on the rise for a security role for China in protecting their interests in the African continent.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 13 Sep 2020

    Russia’s Anti-Terrorism Role in the African Sahel Region: Opportunities and Challenges

    Russia is aspiring to play a pivotal and influential role in the efforts to combat terrorism in the African Sahel, even as the region is witnessing an increase in terrorist threats, especially after the military coup that ousted Malian President Boubacar Keita on 18 August 2020. On the other hand, France, which leads European and Western efforts, faces increasing challenges in the field of counterterrorism.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 07 Sep 2020

    Anti-Terrorism Challenges after the Military Coup D’état in Mali

    On 18 August 2020, a military coup overthrew the Malian President Ibrahim Abu Bakr (Boubacar) Keita. The coup leaders seized power after the political turmoil and demonstrations experienced by the country since June 2020. This development has raised many questions about the future of international efforts to combat terrorism in the African Sahel region. The coup represents a major challenge to those efforts, especially as it coincides with a French and European trend to strengthen military efforts to combat terrorism and confront the growing terrorist threats in the region.

  • EPC | 07 Sep 2020

    The Political Situation in Mali Following the Military Coup

    On August 18, 2020, Mali experienced a military coup, a response to the political crisis that had been suffocating the country for months. While the regional and international community have denounced the coup, African initiatives have been developing an approach for managing the transitional phase in Mali: negotiations with the ruling military council have been held, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta has been forced to resign, and the parliament and Keïta’s government have been dissolved. This paper will examine the political developments in Mali, and will discuss the prospects for the country’s future.

  • EPC | 26 Jul 2020

    Prospects of the Political Crisis in Mali

    ​Protests escalated against the regime of Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, President of the Republic of Mali, which is experiencing a deep and multi-faceted political crisis even as the new opposition movement has centred around the leadership of Imam Mahmoud Dicko who is one of the leading religious figures.