The Shiite Religious Establishment in Iran and its Position in Decision-Making

EPC | 01 May 2013

The study is based on the basic assumption that Iran’s adoption of the Guardian of the Jurist theory in its constitution after the 1979 revolution has made a radical change in the nature of the Shiite religious establishment and its historical role. Because the “Guardianship” of the Guardian of Jurist includes Religious References, “marja-i taqlid”, literally means "Source to Imitate/Follow", as well as ordinary people. The Iranian constitution did not grant the Shiite religious establishment any power; instead, it reduced its role to be included in the “Guardian of the Jurist establishment.” The study is also based on the reality that the coalition of the “House of the Leader” – the Revolutionary Guard Corps significantly controls the religious establishment.

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