The study is based on the basic assumption that Iran’s adoption of the Guardian of the Jurist theory in its constitution after the 1979 revolution has made a radical change in the nature of the Shiite religious establishment and its historical role. Because the “Guardianship” of the Guardian of Jurist includes Religious References, “marja-i taqlid”, literally means "Source to Imitate/Follow", as well as ordinary people. The Iranian constitution did not grant the Shiite religious establishment any power; instead, it reduced its role to be included in the “Guardian of the Jurist establishment.” The study is also based on the reality that the coalition of the “House of the Leader” – the Revolutionary Guard Corps significantly controls the religious establishment.
EPC | 11 Apr 2021
Dr. Ebtesam al-Ketbi | 22 Mar 2021
Dr. Ebtesam Al Ketbi | 24 Feb 2021