Maghreb

Briefs

  • EPC | 15 Feb 2021

    Election of the New Transitional Leadership in Libya: Challenges and Prospects

    ​The Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF), which met in Geneva on 6 February 2021, has reached an agreement on the choice of the leadership of the executive authority for the transitional phase responsible for holding the parliamentary and presidential elections on 24 December 2021. While the results of the vote came as a surprise, they reflected the scales and stakes of the current political conflict in Libya in the prospect of reaching a final deal for the political solution.

  • ​Bilal Abdullah | 20 Dec 2020

    Future of Turkish-Russian Coordination in Libya in the Wake of Biden’s Victory

    In the light of the declared trends of the administration of US President-elect Joe Biden regarding his foreign policy, speculations prevail about adverse policies and positions that are likely to be taken by his administration vis-à-vis both Russia and Turkey on a number of issues. This raises questions about the status of the Libyan conflict within those forthcoming positions of the new administration towards the two countries.

  • Shereen Mohammed | 29 Nov 2020

    Tunisian President’s Visit to Qatar: Objectives and Prospects of Relations

    ​Tunisian President Kais Saied visited Doha during the period 14-16 November 2020 at the official invitation of the Emir of Qatar Tamim bin Hamad. This visit gained its importance from being the first for President Saied to Qatar since he assumed the presidency of Tunisia in October 2019, and his second visit to an Arab country after Algeria.

  • Shereen Mohammed | 17 Nov 2020

    French Interior Minister’s Visit to Maghreb Countries: Objectives and Prospects of Relations

    The visit of the French Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin to the Arab Maghreb countries (Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria), during the first third of November 2020, gained increasing importance, both for Paris and for the Maghreb capitals, due to urgent security and political considerations. While the visit was scheduled for some time, it came in the wake of the Nice terrorist attacks and the escalation of irregular migration waves to the European continent.

  • EPC | 02 Nov 2020

    Prospects of Political Settlement in Libya after Agreeing on a lasting Ceasefire

    The Libyan negotiating parties at the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG), represented by the 5+5 Joint Military Committee (JMC), reached an agreement on a permanent ceasefire throughout Libya on 23 October 2020, at the end of a months-long negotiation process that led to establishing rules for a political consensus to manage a transitional phase leading to a new constitution for the country and the organisation of legislative and presidential elections to end the severe internal crisis that erupted six years ago.

  • Shereen Mohammed | 18 Oct 2020

    Growing Protests in the Tunisian Town of Sbeitla: Motives and Repercussions

    The Tunisian city of Sbeitla (or Sufetela) in Kasserine Governorate has seen a wave of violent protest after a man died when the authorities demolished the illegal kiosk where he was sleeping on October 13, 2020. The incident was reminiscent of the death of Mohamed Bouazizi, the Tunisian street vendor who, in late 2010, set himself on fire in protest against the confiscation of his vehicle by the municipal police in Sidi Bouzid; this became the catalyst for the Tunisian revolution that toppled the regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.

  • Bilal Abdullah | 08 Oct 2020

    Sirte Conference and the Future of Peaceful Settlement in Libya

    Scheduled for October 10, 2020, the Second Sirte Conference has been named after one held a century earlier — the first Sirte Conference of January 1922 on the unification of eastern and western Libya — in an attempt to give the upcoming meeting a particular sense of historical and national importance. The second conference follows on the heels the Bouznika negotiations in Morocco, at which the various Libyan parties reached an important agreement on the criteria for appointing officials to sovereign positions. It also comes on the eve of the next round of talks among the 5+5 committee, which is part of the military track seeking a settlement.

  • Bilal Abdullah | 27 Sep 2020

    Haftar-Maiteeq Agreement on Management of Libyan Oil: Implications and Calculations

    The Haftar-Maiteeq agreement regarding the resumption of work in oil facilities, which was mediated by Russia and revealed on 18 September 2020, reflects the level of complexity that characterises the conflict in Libya and the wide margin of manoeuvre enjoyed by the various internal and external players, in a way that makes any progress that could be made on the way to settlement a matter fraught with many manoeuvres and overlapping calculations.