SYRIA

Briefs

  • Malik al-Hafez | 13 Sep 2020

    Lavrov’s Visit to Damascus: Objectives and Significance

    On September 8, 2020, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov visited Damascus for the first time since 2012, accompanied by a high-level delegation. His visit reconfirmed Moscow’s desire to consolidate its gains and its military superiority in Syria and overcome the current deadlock in the quest for a political solution to the Syrian conflict, at a time when the Assad regime is facing increasing economic restrictions in light of Washington’s recent announcement that it would be increasing the sanctions imposed against the regime under the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act (known as the Caesar Act).

  • EPC | 10 Sep 2020

    Will “Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham” Succeed in Gaining International Recognition?

    ​The Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, Organisation for the Liberation of the Levant), formerly called Jabhat al-Nusra (Front of the Supporters), has been intensifying its messages to the international actors in the Syrian crisis with the aim of declaring its transformation into a "moderate" faction, and even a "national liberation movement" like many of the movements that struggle against the occupiers, requiring a response from the international community to this shift regardless of HTS’s ideology as long as HTS ultimately represents – as it promotes – a significant segment of Syrians.

  • EPC | 20 Aug 2020

    Processes and Prospects of the Intra-Kurdish Dialogue

    The intra-Kurdish dialogue was launched on the basis of an initiative launched by General Mazloum Abdi, commander of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, QSD), after the Turkish Operation Peace Spring in October 2019. The aim of the dialogue was to strengthen the internal ranks and prevent the collapse of the Autonomous Administration structures, especially in light of the state of frustration caused by US President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw his forces from Syria.

  • EPC | 29 Jul 2020

    Syrian Parliamentary Elections: Indications and Objectives

    Following the recent elections for the People’s Council of Syria held on July 19, 2020, it has become clear that the regime’s sole concern is promoting its vision of how to solve the crisis and its narrative of the conflict, as though the country were not suffering a devastating decade‑long war that has seen half the population displaced and more than 90% of those remaining in Syria sink below the poverty line.

  • EPC | 22 Jun 2020

    “The Caesar Act” and Likelihood of Dividing Syria

    The US-imposed sanctions on Syria under the so-called “Caesar Act”, which entered into force on 17 June 2020, entail the risk of partitioning Syria and changing its strategic position. This would constitute an introduction to a geographical reformulation of the country after the war had contributed to tearing its national fabric and destroying its capabilities of political recovery and overcoming the destructive consequences of the war.

  • EPC | 03 Jun 2020

    Assad-Makhlouf Dispute: Struggle for "Sect" and "People" as part of the Syrian Geopolitical Game

    Despite the impact of subjective factors in manifesting and fuelling the conflict between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his billionaire cousin Rami Makhlouf, this conflict has constituted a test of numerous issues and concepts in circulation both at the core of the Syrian crisis and on its surface, such as Russia’s capability to choose alternatives to Assad or the capability of any other Alawite side to replace Assad as far as the Alawite sect is concerned.

  • EPC | 17 May 2020

    Signs of Renewed Tension in Dara’a Governorate in Syria: Dynamics and Prospects

    The Syrian Daraa province is experiencing escalating tension amidst a fragile security situation and a multiplicity of actors with conflicting goals and policies. While the province is subject to a settlement deal based on a Russian guarantorship, a US understanding and regional support, the security situation in the province is prone to explosion.

  • EPC | 02 May 2020

    Will Israel succeed in “Driving Iran Out” of Syria?

    Israel’s recent intensified airstrikes against Iranian targets in Syria come within the context of a new strategy that is based on “driving Iran for good” out of Syria, which was disclosed by Israeli Defence Minister Naftali Bennett. To what extent can Israel achieve its new targets in Syria, and will its strategy be successful in driving Iran out of Syria?