West Africa


  • Hamdi Bashir | 07 Sep 2020

    Anti-Terrorism Challenges after the Military Coup D’état in Mali

    On 18 August 2020, a military coup overthrew the Malian President Ibrahim Abu Bakr (Boubacar) Keita. The coup leaders seized power after the political turmoil and demonstrations experienced by the country since June 2020. This development has raised many questions about the future of international efforts to combat terrorism in the African Sahel region. The coup represents a major challenge to those efforts, especially as it coincides with a French and European trend to strengthen military efforts to combat terrorism and confront the growing terrorist threats in the region.

  • EPC | 07 Sep 2020

    The Political Situation in Mali Following the Military Coup

    On August 18, 2020, Mali experienced a military coup, a response to the political crisis that had been suffocating the country for months. While the regional and international community have denounced the coup, African initiatives have been developing an approach for managing the transitional phase in Mali: negotiations with the ruling military council have been held, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta has been forced to resign, and the parliament and Keïta’s government have been dissolved. This paper will examine the political developments in Mali, and will discuss the prospects for the country’s future.

  • EPC | 26 Jul 2020

    Prospects of the Political Crisis in Mali

    ​Protests escalated against the regime of Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, President of the Republic of Mali, which is experiencing a deep and multi-faceted political crisis even as the new opposition movement has centred around the leadership of Imam Mahmoud Dicko who is one of the leading religious figures.

  • Ayman Shabana | 02 Jul 2020

    Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali: Potential Challenges and Scenarios

    June 20, 2020 marked the fifth anniversary since the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali was signed between the Mali government, its allied militias, and the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), which is dominated by the Tuareg under the leadership of Bilal Ag Acherif. Hopes were high that the peace agreement would bring an end to the Tuareg rebellion and lead to sustainable peace and reconciliation in Mali, the northern provinces of which have experienced frequent conflict since the country gained independence. The enormous challenges facing the peace agreement continue to cast doubt on whether it can ever be enforced, however.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 04 May 2020

    Risks of the Spread of Coronavirus Epidemic for Counter-terrorism Efforts in West Africa

    West Africa region is experiencing an upward trend in infections with coronavirus (COVID-19) since the first infection was announced in the region in March 2020. This comes at a time when terrorist organizations have intensified their attacks to benefit from the preoccupation by governments with combating the epidemic. This raises questions about the risks of the epidemic spread for counter-terrorism efforts and the likely scenarios.

  • Hamdi Bashir | 12 Feb 2020

    The Terrorist Expansion in the Gulf of Guinea Region

    The countries of the Gulf of Guinea (which includes several countries in West and Central Africa, most notably Angola, Benin, Togo, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Côte d'Ivoire) face a growing expansion of terrorist organizations, especially with the escalation of attacks on these countries' borders with Burkina Faso.