Behind the Scenes

EPC | 12 Sep 2013

Parties taking part in the national dialogue in Yemen agree that federalism will be the shape of the state. But they don’t agree on the number of provinces in this federal state. While most Southerners stick to a formula of two provinces, which regains in shape the borders of North and South Yemen states and facilitates any inclination for separation in the future, Northerners refuse this proposal and prefer a formula with a larger number of provinces to prevent any attempt for separation. In the South, we also see multiple fragmentation, notably the tendency by Shabwah, Hadhramaut and al-Mahrah to form one province inside the united country. This will enable those regions to account for a large area, huge wealth and a small population of about 2 million people. This is why Southerners outside these regions oppose the creation of such province, notably the Head of the Southern Movement in the national dialogue - Mohammad Ali Ahmad; because power now is in the hands of elites from Abyan, and this will enable them to monopolize oil contracts in Shabwah and Hadhramaut.

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