The ruling Justice and Development Party (JDP) in Turkey presented a model which combines the modern state with Islam. This model was well-received by Sunni Islamist movements in the region and masses supporting these movements.
The 1979 Islamic Revolution of Iran resumed the project of the Safavid state which reconstructed the Iranian identity based on a combination of the Iranian inclination and the Shiite doctrine.
Currently, the Houthis' Movement constitutes a vibrant revival of two strong historical prejudices on the Yemeni political scene. The first is genealogy and ancestral prejudice based on claims of descent from the Prophet Muhammad.