Implications of Iraq for Gulf and Global Energy
Presently, the international and regional orders are going through a reshaping process. The so-called Arab revolutions have complicated the process of re-crystallizing a new regional order.
The ruling Justice and Development Party (JDP) in Turkey presented a model which combines the modern state with Islam. This model was well-received by Sunni Islamist movements in the region and masses supporting these movements.
The 1979 Islamic Revolution of Iran resumed the project of the Safavid state which reconstructed the Iranian identity based on a combination of the Iranian inclination and the Shiite doctrine.