The African continent is witnessing a noticeable growth in the activity of international security companies. The Libyan crisis has revealed the growing role of the Turkish company SADAT International Defense Consultancy in Libya, especially after its involvement in the training of militias associated with the Government of National Accord (GNA) since November 2019, and the letter of the United Nations (UN) to the Turkish government in June 2020 to inquire about the role of SADAT in recruiting and transferring Syrian mercenaries and children to Libya. This raises many questions about the nature of the company's security role, the motives and limits of that role, and the risks of its expansion on the African continent.
The nature of the role and tasks
Limits of deployment and areas of concentration on the African continent
Incentives to expand on the continent
Opportunities and challenges of expansion on the continent
Risks of expansion in Africa
The Sadat Company is considered a military arm of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) in Turkey, and a military tool in the hands of the Turkish government to support extremist organisations on the African continent. Thus, in terms of its military pattern, Sadat is closer to the revolutionary irregular armies, such as the Iranian Revolutionary Guards and their external arm the Quds Corps. Therefore, Sadat is expected to expand its activities to support unrest, religious conflicts, subversive activities and political assassinations, and to fuel radical revolutionary ideas in dispute areas on the continent. Libya, Central Africa, Nigeria and other African countries witnessing divisions between moderate and radical currents constitute a suitable environment for the expansion of SADAT’s activity.
 Letter of the UN to the Turkish government to inquire about the role of private security companies in recruiting mercenaries and children and sending them to Libya, dated 10 June 2020. Available at: https://spcommreports.ohchr.org/TMResultsBase/DownLoadPublicCommunicationFile?gId=25292
 Sound of Silence Group, SADAT: Erdoğan's Private Army, August 2017. Available at: https://purgednato.files.wordpress.com/2017/08/SADAT-erdogans-private-army-2017.pdf
 SADAT International Defense Consultancy, “Consultancy (for Military). Available at: https://SADAT.com.tr/ar/our-services-aa/consultancy-aa/consultancy-military-aa.html
 Ely Karmon & Michael Barak, Erdogan’s Turkey and the Palestinian Issue, Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 12, Issue 2, April 2018, available at: https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/binaries/content/assets/customsites/perspectives-on-terrorism/2018/2018-02/06-erdogan%E2%80%99s-turkey-and-the-palestinian-issue-by-ely-karmon--michael-barak.pdf
 Oward Eisenstadt, Snapshot - Uneasy Rests the Crown: Erdoğan and ‘Revolutionary Security’ in Turkey, POMED, 20 December 2018, available at: http://pomed.org/pomed-snapshot-uneasy-rests-the-crown-erdogan-and-revolutionary-security-in-turkey/
 Zafer Yörük, SADAT: the Horsemen of the apocalypse?, 22/2/2020, available at: https://www.duvarenglish.com/columns/2020/02/22/SADAT-the-horsemen-of-the-apocalypse/
 Oward Eisenstadt, op. cit.
 Zafer Yörük, op. cit.
 Suleyman Ozeren, Suat Cubukcu & Matthew Bastug, Where Will Erdogan’s Revolution Stop?, 3/2/2020, available at: https://www.hudson.org/research/15682-where-will-erdogan-s-revolution-stop
 Ely Karmon & Michael, op. cit.
 Stockholm Center for Freedom, COMMENTARY— Libyan Jihadist cells in Turkey protected by Erdoğan regime, 26/5/2017, available at: https://stockholmcf.org/commentary-libyan-jihadist-cells-in-turkey-protected-by-erdogan-regime/
 Michael Rubun, Has SADAT become Erdogan’s Revolutionary Guards?, 30/5/2017, available at: https://www.aei.org/foreign-and-defense-policy/middle-east/has-sadat-become-erdogans-revolutionary-guards/
 Grey Dynamics, SADAT: The Turkish Mercenaries Who Support Islamist Groups, 7/7/2020, available at: https://sofrep.com/news/sadat-the-turkish-mercenaries-who-support-islamist-groups/
 SADAT Defense in Libya, available at: https://www.sadat.com.tr/en/about-us/88-en/news/312-sadat-as-in-libya.html
 Defaacto, Little Green Men, Mercenary Operations in Libya, Open Source Intelligence Notes, 4/6/2020, available at: http://defaakto.com/2020/04/06/little-green-men-mercenary-operations-in-libya-open-source-intelligence-notes/
 Zafer Yörük, op. cit.
 Dicle Esiyok, Turkish military contractor SADAT has always been in Libya, 8/1/2020, available at: https://ahvalnews.com/sadat/turkish-military-contractor-sadat-has-always-been-libya
 Sergey Sukhankin, France to Lead Joint Effort in War on Terrorism in Sahel Region, Terrorism Monitor, The Jamestown Foundation, Volume Xviii, Issue 10, May 15, 2020, p.5.
 Suat Cubukcu, The Rise of Paramilitary Groups in Turkey, 03/03/2018, available at: https://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/rise-paramilitary-groups-turkey
 Grey Dynamics, op. cit.
 Turkey’s paramilitary contractor SADAT eyes training African troops via defense deals, 28/5/2020, available at: https://www.nordicmonitor.com/2020/05/turkeys-paramilitary-contractor-sadat-aims-at-training-african-troops-with-the-help-of-defense-cooperation-agreements/
 Dicle Esiyok, op. cit.
 Ahmad Askar, The Increasing Presence and Role of Private Security Firms in Africa: The Russian Company “Wagner” as a Model, Emirates Policy Center, 7 June 2020. Available at: https://epc.ae/topic/the-increasing-presence-and-role-of-private-security-firms-in-africa-the-russian-company-wagner-as-a-model
 Michael Rubun, op. cit.
 Sound of Silence Group, op. cit.
 Grey Dynamics, op. cit.
Hanin Ghaddar | 10 Oct 2021
EPC | 07 Oct 2021
EPC | 28 Sep 2021