The results of Algeria’s recent legislative elections, which were held on June 12, 2021, reflect the political equation resulting from the dynamics of shift and change in the country since the protest movement started on Feb. 22, 2019 that led to the fall of former President Abdel Aziz Bouteflika, drafting a new constitution and deposing and arresting a large number of leaders from the previous era.
This paper analyzes the results of Algeria’s legislative elections and attempts to foresee its future implications on the country’s political crisis.
Facts and outcomes of Algeria’s parliamentary elections
Algeria held early legislative elections on June 12, 2021 after holding the presidential elections on Dec. 12, 2019 and a referendum on the new constitution on Nov. 1, 2020. 2,490 lists have registered to run in elections; the nominations of 1,483 candidate lists, with 646 representing political parties and 837 independents, were accepted.
The results of the People's National Assembly elections to choose 407 members can be summarized in the following facts:
Future of Algeria’s political situation in light of recent elections
The objective of the ruling regime in Algeria from holding early legislative elections was centered on the following two fundamental determinants:
However, achieving these two goals require the following three fundamental conditions:
The outcomes of elections clearly show that these conditions were not met in terms of participation by political parties; a large number of these parties boycotted elections. Furthermore, the political and civil protest movement has succeeded in convincing a majority of voters to boycott elections, while authorities failed to introduce new figures able to make the necessary change.
Therefore, we can see that recent parliamentary elections have not achieved their purpose, i.e., pull the country out of the political crisis and renew the rules of the political game in the country. That said, there are three different scenarios for the future of Algeria’s political landscape.
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