Position Papers http://epc.ae/publication-type/position-papers en Egypt-US Relations: Dynamics and Prospects http://epc.ae/publication/egypt-us-relations-dynamics-and-prospects <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egypt-US Relations: Dynamics and Prospects</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 05/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>US President Barack Obama informed Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in Mar. 2015 of his administration’s decision to lift ban on providing Egypt with US military assistance and resume arrangements for the sale of F-16 fighter jets. The US decision is a turning point in the tense relationship between Obama’s administration and el-Sisi’s regime since ousting President Mohammad Morsi from office. This tension has coincided with an Egyptian-Russian rapprochement since July 3, 2013. Observers say that this rapprochement comes at the expense of what has always been described as strategic ties between Cairo and Washington despite efforts by senior Egyptian officials to refute this claim.</p> <p>Therefore, there is a need to identify the reality of these relations now by putting recent developments within the context of the mainstream pattern of running relations between the two countries. The paper says that this pattern is shifting and lacks an institutionalized character which distinguishes firm alliances. Relations between Cairo and Washington are adapted according to the changing realities through the role played by the ruling elites in both countries to adjust ties based on the strategic considerations of both countries’ interests.</p> <p>Then, the paper reviews the most important current issues related to Egyptian-US ties such as democracy and human rights, intertwined ties between Israel’s security and counterterrorism, the ongoing regional conflicts in Syria, Libya and Yemen and the nuclear issue.</p> <p>Finally, the paper introduces three possible scenarios for Egyptian-US ties in the future based on a number of criteria such as Washington’s stance on recent developments in Egypt, military cooperation, the Israeli security dilemma and war on terrorism.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fe645e9.jpg" width="1920" height="1281" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Fri, 01 May 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5855 at http://epc.ae Possible Trajectories for Egyptian-Turkish Relations http://epc.ae/publication/possible-trajectories-for-egyptian-turkish-relations <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Possible Trajectories for Egyptian-Turkish Relations</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 05/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Shifts in the region point out that the ongoing tension between Egypt and Turkey does not serve the interests of both countries. In addition, this tension does not serve the interests of Arab Gulf States which have become an influential actor in the region, especially Saudi Arabia which seeks to cement its leadership of the axis against Iran since King Salman bin Abdel Aziz assumed office. This situation calls for reevaluation of the future of relations between Cairo and Ankara, especially, in light of recent reports about a Saudi initiative to mend fences between the two countries.</p> <p>In this context, the paper discusses the crisis in the Egyptian-Turkish ties, both in terms of the continuing political tension between the two sides as a result of MB issue or the chilly economic ties or security concerns by Cairo regarding Ankara’s ties with some terrorist organizations.</p> <p>In addition, the paper analyzes points of weakness and strength for Turkey and Egypt that affect their ability to manage this crisis, both in terms of the size of the popular support enjoyed by each country’s policies towards the other or the extent of regional pressure on each country. The paper also provides an assessment for opportunities and risks that may come out if the crisis continues both in terms of the regional role for each country or the economic interests of both.</p> <p>The paper draws three possible scenarios for the future of Egyptian-Turkish ties which are affected by two main variables: regional pressure on both sides, especially Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States and domestic pressure on President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Turkey to backtrack on his policies.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fe4baad.jpg" width="1920" height="1160" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Fri, 01 May 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5854 at http://epc.ae The Political Future of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Possibilities of Safe Integration http://epc.ae/publication/the-political-future-of-the-muslim-brotherhood-in-egypt-possibilities-of-safe-integration <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Political Future of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Possibilities of Safe Integration</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 04/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Developments that followed the election of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi point out that reconciliation with the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) has become a choice imposed by reality. This reconciliation, however, requires vigilance by both President el-Sisi’s regime and states supporting Egypt now due to the political consequences of such choice on the regime’s legitimacy.</p> <p>There are two different positions regarding this choice: some prefer confrontation until MB is completely weak while realists believe that real stability requires reconciliation with MB due to the following factors: a key segment of MB youth is resorting to violence out of the state’s control, the disintegration of June 30<sup>th</sup> coalition, shift in tendencies of the ruling Saudi elite who adopt a reconciliatory stand towards MB and the continuation of international pressure on Egypt to reach reconciliation with the movement.</p> <p>In this context, the paper analyzes policies adopted by the regime that tip the balance of power with MB in favor of the regime. At the same time, these policies allow the regime to dictate certain terms for this reconciliation, and choose who might represent the movement. The paper also analyzes the growing organizational weakness of MB, disintegration of the movement as a central organization, especially, after scores of MB leaders were arrested or fled the country.</p> <p>The paper defines the following four motivations for the choice of reconciliation: the low ceiling of demands by MB, the high cost for the government if it chooses the Salafist alternative, MB continues to have the social and economic networks which still represent a latent element of power, as well as, regional and international pressure on Cairo to achieve reconciliation.</p> <p>The paper also attempts to foresee possible scenarios for MB’s political future in Egypt which can be identified based on positive or negative developments that might happen on a number of variables and criteria: the relationship among authority institutions, coherence or contradiction among authority factions, MB’s ability to penetrate the civil society, regional and international pressure on the regime and the ability of the government and forces of democracy to develop the network of social and economic services in face of MB’s network, especially in poor rural areas.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fe11b20.jpg" width="1920" height="1290" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Wed, 01 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5851 at http://epc.ae Egypt’s Role in the Yemeni Crisis: Limits and Prospects http://epc.ae/publication/egypts-role-in-the-yemeni-crisis-limits-and-prospects <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egypt’s Role in the Yemeni Crisis: Limits and Prospects </span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The air strikes by the Saudi-led coalition against the Houthi militias allied with forces loyal to former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh has started just ahead of the Arab summit in Sharm al-Sheikh. This timing has raised questions about its significance regarding the limits of Cairo’s regional role and issues on which Egypt and Saudi Arabia agree and disagree, especially the Yemeni issue. Contrary to what Egypt’s media outlets tried to suggest at the beginning of Operation “Decisive Storm” about a big Egyptian role in this operation, indicators point to a limited role by Cairo.</p> <p>The paper reviews differences between the Egyptian and Saudi positions on conducting the war in Yemen which made Cairo’s role seem limited. The paper points to the Saudi behavior during the Arab summit, saying that Riyadh did not want Arab rupture to affect the military operations in Yemen, tried to draft a framework for the potential role which the joint Arab force can play if it is formed and open the door for non-Arab partners to take part in the proposed force. Riyadh wants to expand the coalition’s umbrella (militarily or politically) to include other heavy weight Sunni parties in the region, Pakistan and Turkey in particular, as well as, a Saudi desire to be a regional leader.</p> <p>The paper also attempts to foresee possible scenarios for the development of Cairo’s role in the Yemeni conflict according to positive or negative developments on a number of variables and criteria, notably, putting boots on the ground, activation of the joint Arab force, consent by regional powers for the use of land forces, settling the struggle for regional leadership, an expansion of the regional war and an internal agreement in Egypt.</p> <p>Based on these criteria, the paper introduces four possible scenarios.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fe29dd3.jpg" width="1920" height="1280" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5852 at http://epc.ae Egyptian-Russian Rapprochement and its Potential Regional Implications http://epc.ae/publication/egyptian-russian-rapprochement-and-its-potential-regional-implications <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egyptian-Russian Rapprochement and its Potential Regional Implications</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Egyptian-Russian relations are improving steadily after June 30 in a way that makes them one of the main controversial issues regarding the present and future of Cairo’s foreign policy, especially, after President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Cairo in Feb. 2015, which received wide political and media attention.</p> <p>The improving ties between the two countries after more than a year and a half of deposing President Mohammad Morsi from office indicate that these relations have an impetus. This impetus makes talking about a qualitative shift on these ties towards more cooperation something that deserves study and analysis to define limits of this shift, foresee its potential ends and implications on the regional situation in the Middle East.</p> <p>The paper deals with the steady Egyptian-Russian rapprochement since July 3, 2013 and its potential implications on the future of the regional situation. The paper is divided into two main themes: the first one deals with the significance of this rapprochement by focusing on domestic issues in both countries, as well as, regional and international issues. The first theme reviews four fundamental points: first, regional and international balances behind this rapprochement and how it can affect these balances. Second, counter-terrorism policies and the different regional and international stands on some of the details of these policies and positions towards some parties targeted in this war. Third, the economic crises faced by the Egyptian and Russian regimes and the potential consequences of some measures taken regarding cooperation between the two sides on this issue, notably, the use of the national currency, the Egyptian Pound and the Russian Ruble, in trade exchange instead of the US Dollar. Fourth, the question of legitimacy of both regimes and how this drives both regimes to adopt certain policies to boost their popular legitimacy.</p> <p>The second theme of this paper deals with possible scenarios for the development of Egyptian-Russian ties in the future in light of the contexts and issue reviewd in the first theme.</p> <p>The paper defines three criteria on which the future of Cairo’s policy towards rapprochement with Russia depends. First, the relationship among elements of power in Egypt. Second, the relationship between el-Sisi’s regime and Washington. Third, the relationship between el-Sisi’s regime and Arab Gulf States. On these bases, the paper drafts three possible scenarios for the development of Egyptian-Russian ties.                            </p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fdeda73.jpg" width="1920" height="1278" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5850 at http://epc.ae Egyptian Moves towards the Syrian Crisis: Significance and Implications http://epc.ae/publication/egyptian-moves-towards-the-syrian-crisis-significance-and-implications <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egyptian Moves towards the Syrian Crisis: Significance and Implications</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Egypt looks at Syria as the basic center of gravity in Natural Syria (Syria, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon), a pillar in the Arab regional order. Cairo also believes that Stability in Syria is key for the interest of the region. The Syrian revolution in Mar. 2011 coincided with the consolidation of the principle of humanitarian interference in Libya, the interference of many international parties in Syria and moving towards internationalization, on one hand, and militarization on the other. The traditional Egyptian vision towards the Syrian crisis rejects foreign interference and calls for a solution through the national and Arab framework.</p> <p>In its first half, the paper focuses on the determinants of Cairo’s policy towards Syria which are divided into political, strategic and security determinants. All of these determinants make Egypt prefer a political solution and reject foreign intervention in the Syrian crisis.</p> <p>The second part of the paper focuses on the significance and implications of Egypt’s efforts towards the Syrian crisis. The third part presents three potential scenarios for the evolvement of Cairo’s role towards the escalating events in Syria.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fd86272.jpg" width="1920" height="1254" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5846 at http://epc.ae Egyptian Political, Military Moves in Libya after the Airstrike: Significance and Implications http://epc.ae/publication/egyptian-political-military-moves-in-libya-after-the-airstrike-significance-and-implications <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egyptian Political, Military Moves in Libya after the Airstrike: Significance and Implications</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The execution of 21 Coptic Egyptians in Libya at the hands of the Islamic State (IS) was met with outrage by the Egyptian people and government. Cairo responded politically and militarily. At the military level, Egyptian war planes carried out airstrikes against Darnah to deter extremists and send a message to regional and international parties that Cairo has the upper hand because it has carried out the strikes without prior notice to Washington. The strike was also meant to pamper Egyptian public opinion, renew public confidence in the president, the military and the state and prevent any potential sectarian sedition.</p> <p>Cairo has also made relentless political efforts at the international stage to gain legitimacy for its military move, as well as, form an international coalition to combat terrorism in Libya. Cairo’s move received various reaction at the regional and international levels.</p> <p>Cairo’s policy towards Libya is governed by several determinants, notably, support by the elected House of Representatives and Libya’s national army led by Maj. Gen. Khalifah Haftar, the priority to face extremist groups, the need to provide an Egyptian strategic depth that extends from Mauritania until Libya, and Cairo’s unwillingness for a long-term interference in Libya.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fd9f136.jpg" width="1920" height="1378" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5847 at http://epc.ae Development of Egyptian-Saudi Relations: Significance and Possible Scenarios http://epc.ae/publication/development-of-egyptian-saudi-relations-significance-and-possible-scenarios <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Development of Egyptian-Saudi Relations: Significance and Possible Scenarios</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisis on Mar. 1, 2015 visited Saudi Arabia. Ties between Cairo are Riyadh are somewhat chilly due to differences on regional issues.</p> <p>First, the paper tackles regional and international alliance of both countries and refers to international collective mechanisms on how to deal with some conflicts, then relations with super powers and stand of both countries on struggles in Mashreq, Yemen and Libya.</p> <p>Second, the paper deals with the issue of Saudi assistance to Egypt, its nature and significance.</p> <p>Third, the paper touches upon the Egyptian President’s suggestion to establish a joint Arab force and tries to put this issue in the context of el-Sisi’s general vision on Cairo’s regional role and restrictions facing this suggestion. Later, the paper points out reasons behind raising the controversial issue of reconciliation with MB, potential gains for el-Sisi if this reconciliation materializes and indications about the Egyptian leader’s readiness to accept such suggestion.</p> <p>Finally, the paper reviews scenarios of the Egyptian-Saudi ties based on three criteria: relations between el-Sisi’s regime and MB, Saudi assistance to Cairo and relations between Egypt and Iran.</p> <p>Based on these criteria, the paper presents possible scenarios for the development of Egyptian-Saudi ties.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fdcfb59.jpg" width="1920" height="1280" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5849 at http://epc.ae Egyptian Parliamentary Elections and Scenarios for Change on the Political Landscape http://epc.ae/publication/egyptian-parliamentary-elections-and-scenarios-for-change-on-the-political-landscape <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egyptian Parliamentary Elections and Scenarios for Change on the Political Landscape</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 02/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The upcoming parliamentary election in Egypt is important because it is the third step in the road map after drafting the constitution and holding presidential election. Elections are expected to be carried out on two rounds to choose members of the new House of Representatives.</p> <p>This paper attempts to analyze opportunities and potential risks related to the next parliamentary elections in Egypt based on the assumption that these elections will provide new opportunities to come out of the tense political scene and push the democratic process forward. Still, the political landscape might not experience radical changes due to weak political parties involved in elections, the process of partisan alliances before elections due to restrictions stipulated in the election law.</p> <p>There are also other reasons with possible implications on the new composition of parliament such as the decision of a number of political parties to boycott elections, indications about the rising role of dirty money in elections, the declining hope of forming a solid parliamentary majority that shoulders with the political regime the burden of running the democratic process and ensures the legitimacy of the political system.</p> <p>All of this might eventually lead to more tension and polarization in the political landscape.</p> <p>The position paper concludes by reviewing potential scenarios for the next parliament.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fd6d202.jpg" width="1920" height="1275" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Feb 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5845 at http://epc.ae Consequences of the Failure of the Muslim Youth Uprising on the Map of Islamist Parties and Stand on Terrorism http://epc.ae/publication/consequences-of-the-failure-of-the-muslim-youth-uprising-on-the-map-of-islamist-parties-and-stand-on-terrorism <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Consequences of the Failure of the Muslim Youth Uprising on the Map of Islamist Parties and Stand on Terrorism</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 12/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Muslim Youth Uprising on Friday, Nov. 28, 2014 was quiet like any other Friday after the sit-in in Rabiaa al-Adawiya Square was dispersed on Aug. 13, 2013. The revolution planned by the Salafist Front have not materialized. The uprising failed to mobilize masses on the streets and large squares were all quiet or under control of the security forces. Some squares even witnessed protests in support of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the army and the police. Media outlets of the Salafist Front said that other traditional Islamist factions have let them down. This failure shows a decline in the Islamist opposition movement by the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) and the radical wing of the Salafist groups and to a deep rift among the Salafist wings. Furthermore, this failure indicates shifts on Egypt’s political landscape and the relative weight of Islamist factions that supported the Muslim Youth Uprising. This paper is divided into the following three themes: 1. The impact of the failure of the Muslim Youth Uprising called for by the Salafist Front supported by the MB and the National Alliance Supporting Legitimacy on the Islamist factions’ landscape and the relative weights of its components, especially, the extent of rifts in the ranks of the various wings of the Salafist movement. Al-Nour Party was against the call for uprising on Friday, Nov. 28. 2. Examine the impact of the politicization of the Salafist movement by moving from the call field into politics on disintegrating its ideological discourse and adding pragmatic features to it. This pragmatism, however, did not include comprehensive intellectual revisions, manifestations and reasons behind this decline of the radical faction in the Salafist movement, moving into adventurous slogans unjustified by calculations of reason or balance of power and why did this discourse fail to attract civic movements. 3. A foresight on future scenarios regarding the Salafist Front and the National Alliance Supporting Legitimacy.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fc3009d.jpg" width="1920" height="1249" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/position-papers" hreflang="en">Position Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Mon, 01 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5833 at http://epc.ae