Policy Papers http://epc.ae/publication-type/policy-papers en The Next Day in Yemen: Exploring Key Post-War Issues and Challenges http://epc.ae/publication/the-next-day-in-yemen-exploring-key-post-war-issues-and-challenges <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Next Day in Yemen: Exploring Key Post-War Issues and Challenges</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/user/53" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">hani</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 10/23/2017 - 05:56</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span>This paper seeks to explore the most important and prominent issues and challenges facing Yemen, both as a state and a society, in the period immediately following the end of current hostilities, and to draw a comprehensive picture of its complexities and opportunities. Without adopting such a holistic approach, the main actors will be incapable of building peace and restoring stability.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>The paper focuses on five key inter-related challenges that are commonly cited by those studying post-conflict environments. Each challenge has been allocated a separate chapter, covering issues relating to comprehensive post-war physical and state reconstruction; the complexities of rebuilding the army and security services; the formulation of Yemeni foreign policy orientations that contribute to achieving a sustainable peace; and the challenge of transitional justice and the preservation of social cohesion in an environment known for its proclivity for conflict.</span></span></p> <p><span><span>Given the complex and interrelated nature of post-war issues and challenges in Yemen, as in any similar conflict environment, this paper makes recommendations on each issue/challenge at the end of each chapter, addressed to both parties to the conflict, but also makes recommendations to all parties concerned with establishing stability and security in the country, including active international partners interested in the outcomes of the Yemeni situation.</span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/2017-12/The%20day%20after%20in%20Yemen_en.jpg" width="1571" height="2239" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/yemen" hreflang="en">Yemen</a></div> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 05:56:36 +0000 hani 6856 at http://epc.ae Qatar’s Unilateral Policies: Political Risks Assessment of Doha’s Ambitions http://epc.ae/publication/qatars-unilateral-policies-political-risks-assessment-of-dohas-ambitions <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Qatar’s Unilateral Policies: Political Risks Assessment of Doha’s Ambitions</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/index.php/user/53" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">hani</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 10/23/2017 - 05:48</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB"><span><span>This unprecedented crisis in the GCC history erupted on June 5, 2017 when Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt boycotted Qatar politically, diplomatically and economically in response to Doha’s policies that support and finance terrorism in violation of its commitments in the 2013 and 2014 Riyadh Agreements. The crisis has led to a regional polarization between Qatar, Turkey and Iran, on one side, and the Arab quartet and other countries, on the other. In addition, the crisis has become internationalized; major powers got involved whether as mediators or benefiters of the crisis. Now, it has been nearly 4 months since the start of the crisis with no prospects for a solution or settlement on the horizon. </span></span></span></p> <p><span lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB"><span><span>This paper sheds light on the crisis with Qatar, to tackle the risks and consequences on the region in general and on the GCC in particular. It includes the most important ideas and views presented in the comments and discussions in the workshop held by EPC on 25 September 2017, with the participation of number of Gulf and Arab experts and politicians.</span></span></span></p> <p><span lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB" xml:lang="EN-GB"><span><span>The paper provides a rational realistic analyses of the crisis and its impacts on both sides and the region, explores the options of the different parties in order to predict possible outcomes of the crisis. This is not an easy challenge given the uncertainty surrounding the crisis.</span></span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/2017-11/Emirates%20Policy%20paper%20Ara%20No.8_CVR-2.jpg" width="1745" height="1487" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/gcc" hreflang="en">GCC</a></div> Mon, 23 Oct 2017 05:48:33 +0000 hani 6855 at http://epc.ae Qatar’s Unilateral Policies: Assessment of the Political Risks of Doha’s Ambitions http://epc.ae/publication/qatars-unilateral-policies-assessment-of-the-political-risks-of-dohas-ambitions <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Qatar’s Unilateral Policies: Assessment of the Political Risks of Doha’s Ambitions </span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/53" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">hani</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 09/28/2017 - 11:57</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><span><span><span>Emirates Policy Center (EPC) organized on Sep. 25, 2017 a workshop entitled “</span></span><span><span>Qatar’s Unilateral Policies: Political Risk Assessment of Doha’s Ambitions”</span></span><span><span>. </span></span><span><span>The event was attended by a number of Emirati, Gulf and Arab officials and experts, as well as, representatives of foreign embassies in the UAE to shed light on the crisis with Qatar and discuss the </span></span><span lang="EN" xml:lang="EN" xml:lang="EN"><span>consequences associated with Doha’s unilateral policies, its role dilemma and illusion of power on the region in general and on the GCC in particular</span></span><span><span>.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>To this end, </span></span><span lang="EN" xml:lang="EN" xml:lang="EN"><span>the workshop focused on four major themes: the first one dealt with the UAE perspective on </span></span><span><span>boycotting Qatar</span></span><span><span>; the second theme tackled regional and international contexts of the relationship between Qatar, GCC Countries and Egypt; the third one touched upon options for both sides of the crisis; the last theme attempted to foresee scenarios of the crisis and consequences of each scenario.</span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span>This paper presents key conclusions, forecasts and scenarios from the workshop’s sessions and discussions.</span></span></span></p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-preview field--type-file field--label-hidden field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="http://epc.ae/sites/default/files/2017-10/Executive%20Summary-Qatar%E2%80%99s%20Unilateral%20Policies%20Political%20Risk%20Assessment%20of%20Doha%E2%80%99s%20Ambitions.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=663499">Executive Summary-Qatar’s Unilateral Policies Political Risk Assessment of Doha’s Ambitions.pdf</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/2017-09/IMG_7314.JPG" width="1620" height="1080" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/gcc" hreflang="en">GCC</a></div> Thu, 28 Sep 2017 11:57:18 +0000 hani 6851 at http://epc.ae Shifts in the US Strategic Assessment of the Middle East: Security Implications for the Gulf Region http://epc.ae/publication/shifts-in-the-us-strategic-assessment-of-the-middle-east-security-implications-for-the-gulf-region <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Shifts in the US Strategic Assessment of the Middle East: Security Implications for the Gulf Region</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 10/30/2016 - 11:38</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>During the Obama administration, US foreign policy underwent a strategic shift in its approach to US objectives and interests in the Middle East in general, and in the Gulf region in particular. President Obama elaborated on this new trend in an interview with Jeffery Goldberg, published in “The Atlantic” in its April 2016 issue. The ensuing debate, or rather controversy, raised by Obama’s views and the current US policy towards the region is further proof that the relationship between the US and regional states has entered a new stage.</p> <p>This paper addresses the shifts in US strategy in the Middle East, and their impact on regional security and stability. It also attempts to explore their future trajectories and reflections on the future US-GCC relations, particularly under the new US administration of President Donald Trump.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/2016-10/RTX1D102_0.jpg" width="1200" height="714" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/gcc" hreflang="en">GCC</a></div> Sun, 30 Oct 2016 11:38:14 +0000 Anonymous 6725 at http://epc.ae "Killing in the name of Allah", Terrorist Groups: Structures, Trajectories and Ends http://epc.ae/publication/killing-in-the-name-of-allah-terrorist-groups-structures-trajectories-and-ends <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">&quot;Killing in the name of Allah&quot;, Terrorist Groups: Structures, Trajectories and Ends</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 11/05/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>At a time when the world thought that terrorism has started to fade away with the retreat of al-Qaeda network by early 2010, this phenomenon has renewed, even gained momentum, fueled by protests of the Arab Spring in 2011. These protests have exacerbated divisions and polarization in some countries of the region and ignited civil wars in other countries, leading to the decline of the state’s authority and failure. One of the incidental results of these shifts was the rise of terrorist groups that surpass the traditional pattern of terrorist organizations, notably, the so-called Islamic State (IS) which controls vast swathes of territory in Iraq and Syria and has declared the Islamic Caliphate in these areas in June 2014.</p> <p> </p> <p>This paper studies the new terrorist phenomenon by dealing with patterns and geographical distribution of terrorist groups, highlight their strategies and various tactics, review international and national anti-terrorism policies, and attempt to foresee future trajectories of terrorism. The paper does not deal with organized terrorist groups only, but focusses on unorganized terrorism as well. In addition, it deals with Shiite militias as another dimension of the current phenomenon of terrorism.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-preview field--type-file field--label-hidden field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="http://epc.ae/sites/default/files/2017-05/Klling%20English_resized_0.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=27679418">Klling English_resized.pdf</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fecb7d0.jpg" width="667" height="564" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/gcc" hreflang="en">GCC</a></div> Thu, 05 Nov 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5859 at http://epc.ae Egypt: Current Reality and Foreseeing Future Transitions http://epc.ae/publication/egypt-current-reality-and-foreseeing-future-transitions <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Egypt: Current Reality and Foreseeing Future Transitions</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 05/10/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Since the revolution of Jan. 25, 2011, Egypt has been suffering from an unprecedented political turmoil in its modern history. Egypt’s political system is currently at a pivotal juncture and faces three major challenges: a decline in the political system’s competence to respond to structural challenges facing the Egyptian state and society; the degradation of the system’s foundations of legitimacy and its vague identity and political orientation and the growing regional and international fluidity.<br /> This paper aims to deconstruct the current political, economic and social reality in Egypt in order to define the elements of the crisis faced by the process of public policy making in the country. To this end, the paper will focus on three major themes: <br /> First, the outcomes of the rapid process of political change in Egypt since the revolutionary movement of Jan. 25, 2011, <br /> Second, discuss elements of the economic crisis in the country and conditions to overcome this crisis,<br /> Third, deal with the orientations of Egypt’s foreign policy and limitations of the role Cairo can play in various regional circles under the current conditions, with a focus on the dynamics of its relations with GCC countries</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19feb3551.jpg" width="373" height="324" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 10 May 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5858 at http://epc.ae Turkey: The Future of Model and Role http://epc.ae/publication/turkey-the-future-of-model-and-role <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Turkey: The Future of Model and Role</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 05/06/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>When the Justice and Development Party (JDP) came to office, Turkey has started to create soft regional influence by using the Islamist discourse. It also employed Arab Spring to cement this influence through its cooperation with the US and some of its Arab friends in the region. Furthermore, Ankara employed Islamist movements to become more influential. This led some analysts to talk about Turkey’s imperial expansion in the region, which was dubbed, “Neo-Ottomanism”. These aspirations of Turkey, however, have clashed with the Arab stand which curtailed Turkey’s aspirations.<br /> Turkey appears as a pragmatic state seeking to unite a great deal of contradictions; it is a Sunni state, yet it transcends its doctrinal dimensions and seems to hold no reservations about improving its ties with Iran, despite the latter adopting a sectarian regional project. Furthermore, the rise of JDP, with its Islamist orientation, has not stopped Ankara from pursuing membership into NATO or the EU or ties with Israel. It is expected that the economy and energy factors will define the nature of Turkey’s approach towards the region during the next decade.<br /> The historical formation of the Turkish national identity faced huge challenges; the constitution of modern Turkey considers “Turkishness” as a supra-identity, one that transcends all others, whether they be religious, sectarian or even ethnic. The formation of Turkey’s national identity was born out of the historical conditions that gave rise to it, a seemingly natural progression to Ankara. What emerged as the national identity in Turkey is, however, a strange mix that is full of contradictions and inconsistencies, a mixture that depends on misrepresentations and historical claims, even though some are grossly incorrect. <br /> Kurds were the only people to be recognized as a minority in the Turkish constitution which excludes Arabs, Armenians or Alawites. Despite their formal recognition, Kurds have not yet received cultural, educational, political or administrative rights, because Ankara is still dealing with this minority on national security bases, not on constitutional rights.</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fd3ccd2.jpg" width="502" height="478" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/turkey" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></div> Wed, 06 May 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5843 at http://epc.ae The Houthi Movement: Political, Military and Doctrinal Dilemmas http://epc.ae/publication/the-houthi-movement-political-military-and-doctrinal-dilemmas <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Houthi Movement: Political, Military and Doctrinal Dilemmas</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 03/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The unity in Yemen led to a new situation where followers of the Zaidi doctrine were able to establish the following political and cultural movements to regain their role and preserve their identity, such as Al-Haq Party, which included scholars, intellectuals and politicians. It took part in the first parliamentary elections and won two seats. One of them was occupied by Hussein Badr Eddin al-Houthi, the founding father of the Houthi Movement, and the Believing Youth Forum, which proved itself to be a cultural and educational movement dedicated to youths. Hussein Badr Eddin al-Houthi saw these institutions as a platform to call Zaidi youths in Sa’dah. The Houthi movement capitalized on chaos and confusion in Yemen following the Arab Spring. Furthermore, the movement received support from the leaders of the Iranian Islamic Revolution. Yemeni unity came under threat due to the decline of the state’s sovereignty, the deep rift among parties of the transitional process and the spread of arms. The Houthi movement shifted the Zaidi sect in Yemen from its traditional jurisprudential and social dimension after the fall of the Imamate rule into a form of political action supported by armed forces, loaded with a cross-border missionary thought that converged politically with the Iranian project in the region. This convergence came despite the jurisprudential and doctrinal disagreement between the Zaidis and the Twelvers. The status quo, however, is a convergence between the Zaidi and Ja’fari schools of thought on the premise of a belief in the ideas of imamate and the leadership of al al-Bayt (Household of the Prophet), and idea of revolution.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-preview field--type-file field--label-hidden field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="http://epc.ae/sites/default/files/2017-05/YEMEN_Eng_resized.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=21305430">YEMEN_Eng_resized.pdf</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fb82898.jpg" width="583" height="496" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/yemen" hreflang="en">Yemen</a></div> Sun, 01 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5826 at http://epc.ae The Doctrinal Foundations of Iran’s Geopolitical Project http://epc.ae/publication/the-doctrinal-foundations-of-irans-geopolitical-project <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Doctrinal Foundations of Iran’s Geopolitical Project</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 02/05/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Since 1979, Iran’s Islamic revolution has resumed the Safavid state project which has rebuilt the Iranian identity on a combination of selected Iranian national images and the Shiite doctrine. The revolution has consolidated a closed framework for the identity in the constitution. Thus the Islamic regime has failed to build a nation-state that takes in various religious, doctrinal and national components of society. At the same time, the Islamic revolution has led to a post-revolutionary regime whose state institutions are wrapped in missionary zeal. This duality has led to a contrast between the ideological boundaries of the revolution and the geographical boundaries of the Iranian state. In the wake of the Arab Spring uprisings, Iran lost among Sunni Arabs the soft power it had built through “resistance and opposition” due to its interference in the Syrian crisis. Iran resorted to escalating sectarian discourse to cement easily its Shiite centrality in the region. This paper is an inquiry into the Iranian strategic theorization for this centrality.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-preview field--type-file field--label-hidden field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="http://epc.ae/sites/default/files/2016-12/IRAN_ENG_INNER%20ni8_UPP_111_0.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=25647574">IRAN_ENG_INNER ni8_UPP_111.pdf</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fb69316.jpg" width="630" height="304" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/11" hreflang="en">Book</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/iran" hreflang="en">Iran</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-full-document field--type-file field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Full Document</div> <div class="field__item"> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="http://epc.ae/sites/default/files/2016-12/IRAN_ENG_INNER%20ni8_UPP_111.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=25647574">IRAN_ENG_INNER ni8_UPP_111.pdf</a></span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> Thu, 05 Feb 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5825 at http://epc.ae Possible Tracks for the Future between the State and Civil Youths http://epc.ae/publication/possible-tracks-for-the-future-between-the-state-and-civil-youths <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Possible Tracks for the Future between the State and Civil Youths</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 02/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The relationship between the regime of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and various generations of youths with civil orientation still represent a crisis for the political system. This crisis does not stem from the ability of these generations to tamper with the state’s stability in the coming stage but because the continuation of this troubled relationship stems from the growing security trend in dealing with these generations. This relationship also reflects the regime’s inability to adopt a strategy that secures reengagement or political integration of these generations. Neglecting the political dimension in this relationship and focusing on the economical one will have an impact on the popularity of the new regime in the coming three years, the possibility that these generations will be incubators that ensure continuity of the new regime and immunize the state against sliding into a new stage of turbulence.</p> <p><strong>Features of the Youths Problem</strong></p> <ol><li>Young generations are the fluid mass that supported the June 30<sup>th</sup> revolution, which the regime may succeed to lure or the Muslim Brotherhood may succeed in sponsoring their demands. Figures of the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics show that Egyptian youths of the age group 18-29 years constitute 23.7% of the total population, i.e., 20 million people. If we add to this number the age group of 29-40 years old, this number may include half of Egypt’s population. This means that youths are the largest segment in Egypt’s society, the largest portion of which are located outside the state’s bureaucracy. This in turn means that youths are economically disengaged from the state despite being affected by its economic policies. Therefore, youths susceptibility to oppose the state is high, which is in the best interest of the Muslim Brotherhood, which is trying now to reconcile somehow with civil youths,</li> <li>There is a rapid shift on the Egyptian youths tendencies; the period of four years after the Jan. 25, 2011 revolution has not only produced a revolutionary generation, but generations with special features that went through common experiences, non-homogeneous and represent multiple orientations, as well,</li> </ol><p>The general rule in Egypt is to deal with youths as a burden; whether by the government, various media outlets or political forces in a way that narrowed the available margin for them to take part in building the new system as stipulated in Egypt’s future roadmap. This treatment of youths is evident in the private discourse or a number of common statements such as “the revolutionaries of January were foreign agents”, “received training abroad to destabilize the country”, and what happened on Jan. 25<sup>th</sup> was a “conspiracy” and those who took part in June 30<sup>th</sup> revolution are “youth of the army”, according to the Muslim Brotherhood.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fcc94a6.jpg" width="1920" height="1162" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/publication-type/policy-papers" hreflang="en">Policy Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/index.php/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Feb 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5839 at http://epc.ae