Policy Alerts http://epc.ae/publication-type/policy-alerts en The Danger of Breeding Terrorism in Overcrowded Jails: Transforming Political Imprisonment into an Opportunity http://epc.ae/publication/the-danger-of-breeding-terrorism-in-overcrowded-jails-transforming-political-imprisonment-into-an-opportunity <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Danger of Breeding Terrorism in Overcrowded Jails: Transforming Political Imprisonment into an Opportunity</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sun, 02/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Over the last four decades of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century, Egyptian jails went through three different experiences in terms of success in achieving or failing to achieve the purpose of jailing members of extreme and radical organizations. The irony is that Egyptian jails was the breeding ground for the rise of groups of radical thought and action.</p> <p>Takfir wal-Hijra "<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excommunication#Islam" title="Excommunication">Excommunication</a> and Exodus", alternately "excommunication and emigration" was the popular name given to a radical <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamist" title="Islamist">Islamist</a> group <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jama%27at_al-Muslimin" title="Jama'at al-Muslimin">Jama'at al-Muslim </a>(Society of Muslims) founded by <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shukri_Mustafa" title="Shukri Mustafa">Shukri Mustafa</a> which emerged in <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egypt</a> in the 1960s as an offshoot of <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_Brotherhood" title="Muslim Brotherhood">Muslim Brotherhood</a>.</p> <p>Torture and harsh conditions suffered by members of MB in prison led them to believe that the enmity by the Egyptian authority is aimed against their religion because it has deviated from the teachings of Islam. In parallel with the rise of Takfir wal-Hijra, other groups, al-Jihad and the Egyptian al-jamāʻah al-islāmīyah, "the Islamic Group” were evolving but were less extreme in their thought. They only accused the government of being infidel, not the whole society, but those two groups were more organized. The power of those two groups was culminated by their success to infiltrate the Egyptian army and assassinate the late President Anwar al-Sadat.</p> <p>The experience of militant ideological violence led by al-Jihad and the Egyptian al-jamāʻah al-islāmīyah ended with successful intellectual review in prison in the 1990s and the movement formally renounced violence. This renunciation was evident after the revolution of Jan. 25, 2011 when most members of the two groups were not involved in ideological violence once again. But in recent years, Egyptian authorities have repeated the mistakes of the 1960s and 1970s which led to the breeding of a new generation of Jihadists in jails such as at-tawḥīd wal-jihād group (Oneness and Jihad).</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fd54dae.jpg" width="1920" height="1280" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sun, 01 Feb 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5844 at http://epc.ae Challenges Facing Egypt’s National Security in Sinai http://epc.ae/publication/challenges-facing-egypts-national-security-in-sinai <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Challenges Facing Egypt’s National Security in Sinai</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 11/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>In Sinai, the Egyptian state is facing difficulty to enforce its sovereignty and legitimacy over the whole population and land, especially in the North Sinai Governorate. Therefore, the military operation is likely to expand to pursue Jihadist groups and activities of Salafist groups. The Jihadist groups are no longer secluded organizations in the desert; instead, have become part of the Bedouin life fabric. The presence of all kinds of Islamist groups in the Bedouin life is an evidence that there are deep social and cultural shifts related to their presence and incorporation into the Bedouin life many years ago.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fa66a2b.jpg" width="1920" height="1280" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sat, 01 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5815 at http://epc.ae The Renaissance Dam and the Limited Choices: Struggle or Cooperation http://epc.ae/publication/the-renaissance-dam-and-the-limited-choices-struggle-or-cooperation <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Renaissance Dam and the Limited Choices: Struggle or Cooperation</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 11/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Despite confidence-building measures between Egypt and Ethiopia regarding the Renaissance Dam, Cairo’s fears related to its water security still exist because Addis Ababa is still stalling to buy time. The biggest challenge for Egypt is that the mechanism of the international house of expertise might decide the technical dispute but it does not ensure an agreement to divide the Nile waters or change the Ethiopian stand on the Entebbe Agreement. The Renaissance Dam’s crisis shows shifts of the geostrategic landscape in East Africa and the redesign of regional balance of power for the Nile Basin region in favor of Ethiopia at the expense of Egypt. These huge shifts have imposed many constraints on Cairo’s choices to confront this crisis.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fa1d517.jpg" width="1920" height="1261" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Sat, 01 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5812 at http://epc.ae The Strategic Fallout for the Fall of Iraq http://epc.ae/publication/the-strategic-fallout-for-the-fall-of-iraq <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Strategic Fallout for the Fall of Iraq</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 09/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Islamic State (IS) took control of vast areas in Iraq without any significant resistance. This has raised many questions about the secret of the fall of the Iraqi army and the consequences of the developments in the field on the political landscape and the future of Iraq and the region. The fall of some major cities into the hands of Sunni extremists of IS will have repercussions that will surpass the Iraqi borders to neighboring countries. Israeli think tanks say that the trend for the actual division of Iraq will be bolstered. This process has started with the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime as a result of the US-led war against Iraq in 2003. The de facto autonomy of Iraqi Kurdistan is a reality recognized by all regional parties, the Sunni control over some parts in central Iraq might lead, if not stooped, to the rise of an independent Sunni entity in central Iraq, while southern Iraq will be ready to be grabbed by Iran. Under these circumstances, Iraq will turn into a center for terrorist groups and a source of threat for regional security in the Middle East.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fa932f7.jpg" width="1920" height="1087" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/israel" hreflang="en">Israel</a></div> Mon, 01 Sep 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5817 at http://epc.ae Map of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Violence http://epc.ae/publication/map-of-the-muslim-brotherhoods-violence <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Map of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Violence</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 02/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert monitors the new forms of armed violence by the Muslim Brotherhood and its supporters such as: • Carry out violent and subversive electronic actions; • Issue electronic lists containing the names of police officers; • Calls to enlist armed battalions which belong to the movement; • Carry out arson attacks against police cars and installations; • Assassination of army and police officers ; • Blast gas pipelines and electricity poles. The alert deals with scenarios for the Muslim Brotherhood’s actions and its remaining choices in Egypt. The alert concludes that violence has become the main strategy of the Muslim Brotherhood and it is likely the movement will focus on armed Jihadist strategy and the movement’s religious thought and rhetoric will mainly focus on accusing others of apostasy.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f56883d.jpg" width="268" height="188" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Sat, 01 Feb 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5703 at http://epc.ae Scenarios for the Muslim Brotherhood’s Actions in the Coming Months http://epc.ae/publication/scenarios-for-the-muslim-brotherhoods-actions-in-the-coming-months <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Scenarios for the Muslim Brotherhood’s Actions in the Coming Months</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 02/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert deals with scenarios for the Muslim Brotherhood’s actions and its remaining choices in Egypt. The alert stresses that the failure of the political stakes of the movement might force it to rely more on violent methods and Jihadist and terrorist groups supporting it. The alert outlines the following choices for the movement: • The escalation of violence and armed confrontation; • The creation of a civil revolutionary coalition; • Vote against el-Sisi in the upcoming presidential elections. The alert concludes that the success of the government in restoring security and order and improving economic performance will weaken the movement’s influence. </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f560b97.jpg" width="400" height="224" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Sat, 01 Feb 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5702 at http://epc.ae The Growing Danger of al Qaeda Movement http://epc.ae/publication/the-growing-danger-of-al-qaeda-movement <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Growing Danger of al Qaeda Movement</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 02/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert points out to the danger if al-Qaeda succeeds in establishing a center in Egypt that could be used as a platform and a cloak to infiltrate Gulf states. The alert reviews the early actions of the movement when the Brotherhood was in office and the most prominent manifestations of the spread of its influence after the fall of President Morsi, through the growing activities of the ‘Supporters of Bayt al Maqdis’ group and raising the flags of al Qaeda in the streets. The alert reviews the most prominent international reports, which have warned against the danger of the growing presence of al Qaeda in Egypt, such as the US State Department’s Country Reports on Terrorism 2013.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f57033e.jpg" width="482" height="229" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Sat, 01 Feb 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5704 at http://epc.ae The Muslim Brotherhood’s International Actions and How to Confront it http://epc.ae/publication/the-muslim-brotherhoods-international-actions-and-how-to-confront-it <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Muslim Brotherhood’s International Actions and How to Confront it</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 01/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert monitors the Muslim Brotherhood’s actions to internationalize the Egyptian situation by creating the so-called “Rabiaa Coalition” and the “Egyptian Gathering” in London, the creation of an international team to defend the Muslim Brotherhood and the intention to form a government in exile. It is worth noting that this policy seeks to reintroduce their cause under the banner of democracy and human rights. The alert recommends a policy plan to confront these attempts.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f558edd.jpg" width="400" height="400" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5701 at http://epc.ae Has the Time Come to Change el Beblawi’s Government? http://epc.ae/publication/has-the-time-come-to-change-el-beblawis-government <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Has the Time Come to Change el Beblawi’s Government?</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 01/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert touches upon criticism faced by Dr. Hazem el Beblawi’s government, notably that it is comprised of second and third class candidates, and that it has failed to confront the Muslim Brotherhood, its weak economic and social performance and the lack of internal cohesion. The alert reiterates that despite the plausibility of criticism; still, some of it was far from true. The alert asserts that it is likely that there will be a cabinet change or limited reshuffle to increase efficiency and remove negligent ministers.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f548f3d.jpg" width="400" height="300" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5699 at http://epc.ae Assessing the Strength of the New Political Movements Supporting the Ruling Regime http://epc.ae/publication/assessing-the-strength-of-the-new-political-movements-supporting-the-ruling-regime <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Assessing the Strength of the New Political Movements Supporting the Ruling Regime</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 01/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The alert reviews the strength of ‘Egypt is my Country’ Front’s performance, which was established on Dec. 16, 2013 and the National Front Coalition, which was established on Dec. 25, 2013, through their activities during the campaign for the constitution. The alert concludes that ‘Egypt is my Country’ Front will enjoy a strong political presence in the next parliament, by gaining a majority of seats, which requires better knowledge of its program and leadership.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f551049.jpg" width="661" height="628" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/policy-alerts" hreflang="en">Policy Alerts</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5700 at http://epc.ae