Background Papers http://epc.ae/publication-type/background-papers en The Muslim Brotherhood and Crises after July 3rd http://epc.ae/publication/the-muslim-brotherhood-and-crises-after-july-3rd <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Muslim Brotherhood and Crises after July 3rd </span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 04/01/2015 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Deposing MB from office in Egypt after July 3, 2013 has been reflected on the regime’s structure such as causing internal confusion. In turn, this confusion had an impact on public performance and the nature of challenges facing MB’s political future. These challenges can summarized in three themes: thought, organization and performance.</p> <p>As for the <strong>crisis of thought</strong>, MB has been known for reconciling mainstream Islamic ideas. Regimes’ practices against the movement caused changes on its intellectual trajectory in a way that led the movement to fall hostage to two contradictory ideas: the Qotb idea and the Salafist one. Deposing MB from power has fueled these two ideas that dominated the movement’s march. On the other hand, the Salafist discourse, which is widespread in the movement, represents a prominent feature in MB’s crises and regression in its intellectual aspect. The use of Salafist thinking was reflected in MB’s assertion that it has moved to preserve Islam, while the movement sought to promote this discourse to attract more of the fluid Muslim masses.</p> <p>As for the <strong>organizational crisis</strong>, toppling the movement has revealed some features of the crisis faced by MB. This crisis was a reflection of a series of crises, notably, centrality of the organization in the movement’s conscious and the relationship between generations within the movement. Avoiding clash with the regime was a priority in previous stages to preserve the structure of the growing organization. But after breaking up the sit ins at al-Nahda and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabaa_al-Adawiya_Square" title="Rabaa al-Adawiya Square">Rabi’a al-Adawiya Square</a>s, MB decided to continue escalation to confront the new regime. This decision was motivated by keenness to protect the psychological cohesion of MB’s members after the two incidents to avoid any organizational confusion, protests against leadership or calls for holding those who caused MB any human or symbolic losses responsible.</p> <p>As for the <strong>crisis of performance</strong>, we see that the political stand towards MB has pushed it to stop the logic of politics and call in favor for the logic of revolution and declaration of mobilization against the new regime. MB has also changed its discourse to underscore that it is revolutionary out of desire for rapprochement with the revolutionary forces that refuse shifts on the political landscape, as well as, preserve cohesion within the movement. But this has not materialized due to the lack of any serious steps on the ground.</p> <p>Finally, the paper points out that MB’s crises is likely to continue, as well as, the possibility of shifts on its positions as long as there is no agreement among all political factions about a political settlement for the crisis in Egypt.</p> <p>Image Source: Reuters Pictures</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19fe4428a.jpg" width="1920" height="1189" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Wed, 01 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5853 at http://epc.ae The Constitutional and Legal Status of the Egyptian Armed Forces in 2014 http://epc.ae/publication/the-constitutional-and-legal-status-of-the-egyptian-armed-forces-in-2014 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Constitutional and Legal Status of the Egyptian Armed Forces in 2014</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 03/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The paper monitors the new provisions related to the armed forces in Egypt’s constitution and laws in 2013 and 2014, such as: dedicating provisions for the National Defense Council and the National Security Council, reducing the military powers of the president, listing the budget of the armed forces as one figure in the state’s budget, the appointment of the minister of defense by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces for a period of two presidential terms. The paper assesses that it is likely that these changes came about to put a constitutional and legal safety valve for dealing with the affairs of the armed forces.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f05433e.jpg" width="526" height="394" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">10</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Sat, 01 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5628 at http://epc.ae Cabinet Reshuffle in Egypt: Analysis and Significance http://epc.ae/publication/cabinet-reshuffle-in-egypt-analysis-and-significance <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Cabinet Reshuffle in Egypt: Analysis and Significance</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Sat, 03/01/2014 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The paper deals with the characteristics of the new cabinet of Ibrahim Mahlab, which was sworn in on March 1, 2014, from its formation and the attributes of the 31 ministers, to the most important trends that are expected to last until the next parliamentary elections. • The need to change the whole cabinet, • Objections to the personality of the prime minister, • Objections to what was called ‘an attempt to monopolize power’ and questions about the qualifications of some appointees. </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f29a47d.jpg" width="769" height="438" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Sat, 01 Mar 2014 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5656 at http://epc.ae Has the Salvation Front Succeeded in Representing the Egyptian Opposition? http://epc.ae/publication/has-the-salvation-front-succeeded-in-representing-the-egyptian-opposition <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Has the Salvation Front Succeeded in Representing the Egyptian Opposition?</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 04/01/2013 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The paper analyzes the conditions in which the Salvation Front was established in response to the constitutional declaration issued by President Morsi on Nov. 21, 2012. It also provides an assessment of the front’s leadership and political parties affiliated to it. The paper concluded that the front suffered from structural flaws in its formation and actions. This in turn has weakened its ability for proaction and make it settle for reactions, a delay in the decision-making process and an overall feeling by ordinary citizens that the movement has failed to represent their problems. All of this denied the movement from becoming an objective counter-balance for the coalition of Islamist movements as expected.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19efe19bf.jpg" width="450" height="330" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">1</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">112</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Mon, 01 Apr 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5625 at http://epc.ae Analysis of the New Cabinet of Dr. al Beblawi http://epc.ae/publication/analysis-of-the-new-cabinet-of-dr-al-beblawi <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Analysis of the New Cabinet of Dr. al Beblawi</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/1" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">epc</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/01/2013 - 08:29</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>This paper assesses the cabinet of Dr. Hazem al Beblawi which was announced on July 16, 2013 and included 36 ministers; 3 of them acting as deputies to the prime minister. The cabinet included representatives of political parties and technocrats. The paper explains the general characteristics of the cabinet and the most important features of its work in achieving security and ensuring a favorable economic environment to implement the future roadmap.</p></div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/2016-09/AnalysisofthenewcabinetofDralBeblawi.jpg" width="780" height="548" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> Mon, 01 Jul 2013 08:29:35 +0000 epc 6721 at http://epc.ae A Military Coup d’état or a Popular Revolution: Debating the Concept of Democracy http://epc.ae/publication/a-military-coup-d%25c3%25a9tat-or-a-popular-revolution-debating-the-concept-of-democracy <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Military Coup d’état or a Popular Revolution: Debating the Concept of Democracy</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 07/01/2013 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The paper tackles the political and intellectual debate raised by the June 30th revolution, the ousting of President Morsi and whether it was a revolution or a coup d’état by reviewing two concepts and schools on defining democracy: - Formal or procedural democracy, - Substantive democracy Moreover, the paper discusses how the Muslim Brotherhood has used the new regime and differences about these concepts to prove its views. </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f03bb97.jpg" width="578" height="350" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">10</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Mon, 01 Jul 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5627 at http://epc.ae Cabinet Reshuffle in Egypt: Significance and Criticism http://epc.ae/publication/cabinet-reshuffle-in-egypt-significance-and-criticism <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Cabinet Reshuffle in Egypt: Significance and Criticism</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 05/01/2013 - 00:00</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item">The paper monitored the statements issued by the new ministers in Dr. Hesham Qandil cabinet, compared their ages, careers, political backgrounds and education. The paper showed that portfolios held by the Muslim Brotherhood after the reshuffle increased to 11 out of 36, where they controlled all ministries dealing with the economy. The paper also monitored objections to this reshuffle that have centered on the following: • The need to change the whole cabinet, • Objections to the personality of the prime minister, • Objections to what was called ‘an attempt to monopolize power’ and questions about the qualifications of some appointees. </div> <div class="field field--name-field-cover-full field--type-image field--label-hidden field__item"> <img src="/sites/default/files/migrated/57dd19f280cdf.jpg" width="259" height="194" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/publication-type/background-papers" hreflang="en">Background Papers</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-group field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/12" hreflang="en">Paper</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-research-unit field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__item"><a href="/research-unit/egypt" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-page-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No.of Pages</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publication-word-count field--type-integer field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">No. of Words</div> <div class="field__item">90</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-isbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">ISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Publisher</div> <div class="field__item">Emirates Policy Center</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-eisbn field--type-string field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">EISBN</div> <div class="field__item">0</div> </div> Wed, 01 May 2013 00:00:00 +0000 Anonymous 5655 at http://epc.ae