Yemeni Regions and its Problems: The Saba’ (Sheba) Region (3-7)


Like other regions in the country, Saba’ will face a number of problems and challenges, notably the domination of the tribal structure on demography, which as much as it suggests a demographic harmony in the region, it will still be a source for many problems, including: tribal differences, non-compliance with laws, and ownership of arms and involvement in an international trafficking ring on which they depend economically. The security and economic sensitivity of the Saba’ region gives it the status of the critical region in Yemen which is on the verge of a transition to the federal system. The tribes also interfere in politics, which leads to tribal competition over controlling the region. In addition to the tribal structure of Saba’ region, it is on the threshold of a struggle over resources at several levels: between the region itself and the state, among the various governorates of the region and among the tribes. Furthermore, the rampant terror problem in Saba’ region, in which al-Qaeda is active in two of its three governorates, has turned it into a scene for the “war against terrorism”. The third governorate also is a hot spot for sectarian tension cloaked with politics between Sunnis and Shiites and susceptible to erupt in the future. As for the relationship between Saba’ region and the state, this region will remain a source for many problems and challenges related to national security. Due to its location on the borders with Saudi Arabia and its geographic location, Saba’ region makes a connection point for a huge international trafficking ring to smuggle goods, arms, drugs, people and terrorists. A large segment of the population are involved in this ring and depend on it economically.

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