The Islamic State (IS) took control of vast areas in Iraq without any significant resistance. This has raised many questions about the secret of the fall of the Iraqi army and the consequences of the developments in the field on the political landscape and the future of Iraq and the region. The fall of some major cities into the hands of Sunni extremists of IS will have repercussions that will surpass the Iraqi borders to neighboring countries. Israeli think tanks say that the trend for the actual division of Iraq will be bolstered. This process has started with the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime as a result of the US-led war against Iraq in 2003. The de facto autonomy of Iraqi Kurdistan is a reality recognized by all regional parties, the Sunni control over some parts in central Iraq might lead, if not stooped, to the rise of an independent Sunni entity in central Iraq, while southern Iraq will be ready to be grabbed by Iran. Under these circumstances, Iraq will turn into a center for terrorist groups and a source of threat for regional security in the Middle East.
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